Education & Training

3-D Assessment of Toolmarks

Articles | Books & Reports


Jerome Burdi, BrassTRAX Helps Police in Palm Beach County Match Guns to Killers, South Florida Sun-Sentinel, May 16, 2008.

M. Heizmann, Techniques for the Segmentation of Striation Patterns, 15 IEEE Transaction on Image Processing 624 (March 2006).

D. Roberge & A. Beauchamp, The Use of BulletTrax-3D in a Study of Consecutively Manufactured Barrels, 38 AFTE Journal 166 (2006).

Adina Schwartz, A Systematic Challenge to the Reliability and Admissibility of Firearms and Toolmark Identification, 6 Columbia Science & Technology Law Review 2 (2004-2005).

A.A. Braga & G.L. Pierce, Linking Gun Crimes: The Impact of Ballistic Imaging Technology on the Productivity of the Boston Police Department’s Ballistics Unit, 49 Journal of Forensic Sciences 701 (July 2004).

Ames Laboratory, Using Telltale Toolmarks to Fight Crime, Science Daily, April 14, 2004.

Atsuhiko Banno, Tomohito Masuda & Katsushi Ikeuchi, Three Dimensional Visualization and Comparison of Impressions on Fired Bullets, 140 Forensic Science International 233 (Mar. 2004) (DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.11.025).

J.P.O. Evans, L. Smith & M. Robinson, Validation of the Linescan Imaging Technique for Imaging Cylindrical Forensic Ballistic Specimens, 36 AFTE Journal 275 (2004).

W. George, A Validation of the Brasscatcher™ Portion of the NIBIN/IBIS™ System, 36 AFTE Journal 286 (2004).

W. George, A Validation of the Brasscatcher™ Portion of the NIBIN/IBIS™ System Part Two: “Fingerprinting Firearms” Reality or Fantasy, 36 AFTE Journal 289 (2004).

Bruce Moran, Photo Documentation of Toolmark Identifications – An Argument in Support, 35 AFTE Journal 174 (Spring 2003).

B. Bachrach, Development of a 3D-based Automated Firearms Evidence Comparison System, 47 Journal of Forensic Sciences 1253 (Nov. 2002).

M. Heizmann & F. Puente Leon, Automated Analysis and Comparison of Striated Toolmarks, European Meeting for Shoeprint/Toolmark Examiners, May 15-18, 2001.

Zeno Geradts, Dennis Zaal, Huub Hardy, Jos Lelieveld, Ies Keereweer & Jurrien Bijhold, Pilot Investigation of Automatic Comparison of Striation Marks with Structured Light, 4243 Proceedings of SPIE 49 (2001).

Ronald Nichols, The Scientific Foundation of Firearms and Tool Mark Identification – A Response to Recent Challenges, 31 AFTE Journal 134 (Spring 1999).

J. DeKinder & M. Bonfanti, Automated Comparisons of Bulletin Striations Based on 3D Topography, 101 Forensic Science International 85 (1999) (DOI:10.1016/S0379-0738(98)00212-6).

J. DeKinder, P. Prevot, M. Pirlot & B. Nys, Surface Typography of Bullet Striations: An Innovative Technique, 30 AFTE Journal 294 (1998).

Books & Reports

Daniel L. Cork, John E. Rolph, Eugene S. Meieran & Carol V. Petrie, eds., Ballistic Imaging (National Academic Press 2008).

T.V. Vorburger, J.H. Yen, B. Bachrach, T.B. Renegar, J.J. Filliben, L. Ma, H.-G. Rhee, A. Zheng, J.-F. Song, M. Riley, C.D. Foreman & S.M. Ballou, Surface Topography Analysis for a Feasibility Assessment of a National Ballistics Imaging Database, NISTIR 7362: A Report Prepared for the National Academies Committee to Assess the Feasibility, Accuracy, and Technical Capability of a National Ballistics Database under National Institute of Justice Grant 2003-IJ-R-029 with the NIST Office of Law Enforcement Standards (May 2007).

Every Crime Gun Has a Story: Know It. The Business Case for Getting on FastTRAX™ (Forensic Technology 2007).

Malcolm J. Dodd, Terminal Ballistics: a Text and Atlas of Gunshot Wounds (CRC Press 2005).

J.H. Dillion, Jr., BulletTRAX™3D, Matchpoint™Plus, and the Firearms Examiner: A Practical Application of Forensic Science, Technology and Engineering to Case Linkage in Shooting Incidents Not Previously Related by Investigative Personnel (Forensic Technology 2005).

Benjamin Bachrach, Ballistics Matching Using 3D Images of Bullets and Cartridge Cases: Project Summary, final report on grant 97-LB-VX-0008 (U.S. Department of Justice May 23, 2000).

A. Zographos, M. Robinson, J. Evans & C.L. Smith, Ballistics Identification Using Line-Scan Imaging Techniques, Proceedings of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering 31st Annual 1997 International Carnaham Conference on Security Technology, p. 82-87, 1997.