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Ridges & Furrows, quotes Ed German from February 2002: "As of last fall there were four states in the US where completely "lights-out" ten print to ten print identifications were effected by AFIS with no human intervention... and reported back to agencies as positive identifications (again, we are talking only ten print to ten print). The threshold matching score required for such lights-out identifications was based on years and years of experience with their systems. The error rate has been zero, though as with human comparisons they do routine QA/QC reviews and special reviews if a defendant questions the ident, etc.. The no-human-intervention-identification only occurs when the matching score is sufficiently high... but, it is a reality."