Education & Training

Bibliography of Resources Related to the CSI Effect

Prepared by the staff of NCSTL: Updated July 13, 2006



Ann Althouse, The "CSI Effect" (blog entry), May 13, 2005, www.althouse.blogspot.com/2005/05/csi-effect.html.

Monida Amarelo, Pathologists Say TV Forensics Creates Unrealistic Expectations, aaas.org, News Archives, Feb. 21, 2005, www.aaas.org/news/releases/2005/0221csi.shtml.

Anderson Cooper 360 Degrees, CNN, Feb. 23, 2005, www.cnn.com/CNN/Programs/anderson.cooper.360.

AP, Attorneys Fight 'CSI Effect', Augusta Chronicle, Nov. 25, 2006, at B3.

AP, Fear of 'CSI Effect' Changes How Cases Are Investigated, Tried Jurors Expect More Exact Evidence, Like on TV, Grand Forks Herald (ND), Dec. 5, 2005.

AP, Trial Rule Lets Suspects Go: Three Freed Last Week Because They Didn't Go to Trial within Six Months, Fort Wayne News Sentinel (IN), Jan. 17, 2006, at L1.

Lisa Arthur, Experts Blow Whistle on 'CSI' Forensic Fiction, Miami Herald, Dec. 15, 2002, at 1.

Lisa Arthur, Forensics Experts Are No Fans of 'CSI', Wichita Eagle, Dec. 25, 2002, at 2.

Tresa Baldas, Jurors Gone Wild: How TV and the Internet are Driving Juries Out of Control, New Jersey Law Journal, May 30, 2005.

Tresa Baldas, Lawyers Report Jurors Gone Wild, May 16, 2005, www.law.com/jsp/nlj/PubArticleFriendlyNLJ.jsp?id1115975115624.

Walt Belcher, College Teacher Finds Some Evidence Debunking Alleged CSI Effect on Verdicts, Tampa Tribune, Feb. 16, 2006, at 4.

Mark Billingham, Tarantino Is Perfect For This Kinky Crime Show Thriller Writer Mark Billingham, a Long-Time Fan of CSI, Looks Forward To the Series Finale - Directed By Quentin Tarantino, Daily Telegraph (London) July 9, 2005, at 9.

Andrew Blankstein and Jean Guccione, Close-Up: Consider the Evidence: Today’s Topic: The Legal System, Lexington Herald-Leader (KY), Mar. 20, 2005, at A2.

Andrew Blankstein and Jean Guccione, "CSI" Effect Hinted by Blake Jurors, Post-Gazette.com, Mar. 20, 2005, at A14, www.post-gazette.com/pg/05079/473831.stm.

Patti Bond, Feds Fight the Nod-Off Element of Enron Case: Long, Eye-Glazing Haul Typical of White-Collar Fraud Prosecutions, Atlanta Journal and Constitution, Feb. 12, 2006, at Q1.

Brittney Booth, Crime Shows Seeping Into Jury Selections, The Monitor (TX), May 9, 2006.

Majsan Bostrom, On the Trail: CSI Work Takes Grit, Lacks TV Glamour, Investigator Says, Star-News (Wilmington, NC), May 28, 2006, at 1B.

Diana Botluk and Brittan Mitchell, Getting a Grip on the CSI Effect: The National Clearinghouse for Science, Technology and the Law at Stetson University College of Law LLRX.com, May, 2005.

Lee Bowman, TV Crimes Not Like Real Life Science: "CSI" Brings Forensic Work to Public, But Creates False Expectations, Long Beach Press-Telegram, Feb. 21, 2005, at A13.

Alan Boyle, Crime Sleuths Cope with "CSI" Effect: Forensic Experts Dogged by TV Expectations, MSNBC, Feb. 20, 2005, www.msnbc.msn.com/id/7003715/print/1/displaymode/1098.

John Bringardner, Technology on Trial: Not Beyond a Reasonable Doubt: Did TV – CSI and 20/20 – Affect Jury Expectations?, Law Technology Product News, May 2005, at 34.

Beth Burger, Reporter Learns of "CSI" Effect", Wisconsin Daily Tribune, Apr. 30, 2005, at 2.

Amanda Cameron, TV Fails To Show Crime-Solving Reality, New Zealand Herald, July 10, 2005, at 37.

Karin Cather, The CSI Effect: Fake TV and Its Impact on Jurors in Criminal Cases, Prosecutor, Mar./Apr. 2004.

Roger Catlin, Creative Fakery Makes 'CSI: Miami' Look Legit, Los Angeles Times, Feb. 17, 2003, at E20.

Roger Catlin, Faux-rensics: First 'CSI,' then 'CSI: Miami' Grab Viewers with Puzzles, Science and Realistic Gore, Hartford Courant, Feb. 9, 2003, at G1.

Meggan Clark and Phil Helsel, "CSI" Effect Causing Crime Lab Backlog, New Haven Register, May 31, 2005, www.nhregister.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=14614357&BRD=1281&PAG=461&dept_id=517515&rfi=8.

Dick Clarke, Experts: CSI Fails Test of Time: Real Crimes Not Solved So Fast, They Say, The Post-Standard, Apr. 19, 2002, at B5.

Simon Cole and Rachel Dioso, Law and the Lab, Wall Street Journal, May 13, 2005.

Craig M. Cooley, Forensic Individualization Sciences and the Capital Jury: Are Witherspoon Jurors More Deferential to Suspect Science than Non-Witherspoon Jurors?, 28 S. Ill. U. L.J. 273 (Winter 2004) (Southern Illinois University Law Journal).

Craig M. Cooley, Forgettable Science, Forensic Science, and Capital Punishment: Reforming the Forensic Science Community to Avert the Ultimate Injustice, 15 Stan. L. & Pol'y Rev. 381 (2004) (Stanford Law and Policy Review), http://slpr.stanford.edu/15_2.html.

Kate Coscarelli, The"CSI Effect": TV's False Reality Fools Jurors, Sun Herald (Biloxi, MS), Apr. 28, 2005, M35.

Dan Cray et al., How Science Solves Crimes from Ballistics to DNA, Forensic Scientists Are Revolutionizing Police Work-On TV and In Reality. And Just in Time, Time, Oct. 21, 2002, at 36.

Criminal Law: The CSI Effect, Legal Intelligencer, May 23, 2005, at 2.

CSI Branded Unrealistic, MX (Australia), Feb. 24, 2005, at 12.

CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Wikipedia, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSI:_Crime_Scene_Investigation.

The CSI Effect, The Early Show, CBS News, Mar. 21, 2005, www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/03/21/earlyshow/main681949.shtml.

CSI Effect Hits Dane County Courtrooms: Judge Warns Jurors: This is Not TV, Channel 3000, WiscTV.com, Mar. 3, 2005, www.channel3000.com/technology/4250198/detail.html.

CSI Has 'Major Effect' on Real Life Juries, CBS4 Denver, May 5, 2005, news4colorado.com.

CSI: Hollywood Hype or Real Life Crime Work?, Fox News Live, May 7, 2005.

'CSI' Versus Reality: Can TV Taint Trials? (Editorial), The Press of Atlantic City, Mar. 1, 2006, at A8.

Dick Dahl, NYU Professor Says "CSI Effect" May Work in Reverse, Daily Record (Kansas City, MO), May 13, 2006.

Scott Davis, Crime Lab's Top Foe -TV, Saginaw News (MI), Feb. 26, 2006, at 1A.

Laura Debenedetto-Kenyon, The CSI Factor, Government Video, Apr. 2005, governmentvideo.com/articles/publish/article_608.shtml.

Johnny Dee, The Guide: Trite and Tested: Just Because Something Wouldn't Happen in Real Life Doesn't Mean it Can't Happen Every Single Night on TV: Johnny Dee Records the Series of Little Cliches That Fill the Small Screen, Guardian (UK), May 21, 2005, at 8.

Sarah Desmarais, Heather Price and J. Don Read, Who is Educating the Jurors: The Experts or the Media? Part II, Presentation at American Psychology-Law Society, Mar. 4, 2005, St. Petersburg, Florida.

Linda Deutsch, "CSI" and "Law & Order" Lead Jurors to Great Expectations, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Jan. 30, 2006, at D1.

Linda Deutsch, Leading the Juries Reality Perception: Viewers are Learning Unreal Order of the Courts from 'CSI' and 'L&O', Kansas City Star (MO), Jan. 24, 2006, at E1.

Linda Deutsch, TV Distorting Jurors' Expectations? , Seattle Times, Jan. 15, 2006, at A9.

Linda Deutsch, Weighing the Evidence: Jury's Still Out on the Influence of TV Dramas on Court System, New Jersey Record, Jan. 19, 2006, at F7.

Don't Let Facts Get in the Way of a Good Story or Crime, Courier Mail (Australia), Mar. 24, 2005.

Sandi Doughton, Forensic Scientists Take the Spotlight Thanks to Crime Dramas' Popularity, Seattle Times (WA), Feb. 19, 2006, at B1.

Melissa Dribben, Trial by 'CSI': Jurors Influenced by the Popular TV Shows Increasingly Demand Prime-Time-Style Evidence - and Lawyers Must Adjust, Philadelphia Inquirer (PA), Feb. 19, 2006, at M1.

Melissa Dribben, 'CSI' Effect Has Jurors Expecting More Evidence, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Mar. 2, 2006, at E4.

Scott Ehlers, State Legislative Affairs Update: Crime Labs and Forensic Evidence, The Champion, May 2006, at 50.

Karen Farkas, Jurors Swept Up in 'CSI Effect' TV Makes Them Expect Too Much, Prosecutors Say TV Shows Inflate Their Expectations, Prosecutors Say, Cleveland Plain Dealer, Mar. 26, 2006, at A1.

FBI Training Network, The CSI Effect: Fact or Fiction, training session on June 15, 2005, VHS copies available, www.dlnets.com/fbi_15Jun05.htm.

Nick Fleming, Labs Hit by 'CSI Effect', Daily Telegraph (London), Feb. 22, 2005, at 5.

Paul Foreman, TV Generation Juries Want More Evidence, Birmingham News, Sept. 14, 2005, at 1.

Forensic Experts Hit by the 'CSI Effect', Coventry Evening Telegraph, Feb. 22, 2005.

Ted Frank, The CSI Effect; (blog posting), Overlawyered.com, Apr. 22, 2005, www.overlawyered.com/archives/002259.html.

Robin Franzen , 'CSI' Effect on Potential Jurors has Some Prosecutors Worried, San Diego Union-Tribune, Dec. 16, 2002, at D6, signonsandiego.com/index.html.

Kristen Gelineau, Students Learning the Reality of 'CSI', Albany Times Union (NY), May 10, 2005, at D6.

Peter Gelzinis, Another "Slam Dunk" Case Turns Into Airball, Boston Herald Nov. 10, 2004, at 4, pqasb.pqarchiver.com/bostonherald/733734861.html?did=733734861&FMT=ABS&FMTS=FT&date=Nov+10%2C+2004&author=PETER+GELZINIS&pub=Boston+Herald&desc=Another+%60slam+dunk%27+case+turns+into+airball.

Josh Gildea, America Falls for the 'CSI Effect', Daily Cardinal (University of Wisconsin-Madison), Mar. 16, 2005, www.dailycardinal.com/media/paper439/news/2005/03/16/Opinion/America.Falls.For.The.csi.Effect-894845.shtml.

Amy Lennard Goehner, Lina Lofaro, and Kate Novak, Where CSI Meets Real Law and Order: Ripple Effect, Time, Nov. 8, 2004, at 69, www.time.com/time/archive/preview/0,10987,995588,00.html.

Vince Gonzales, Prosecutors Feel the "CSI Effect," CBS News, Feb. 10, 2005, www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/02/10/eveningnews/main673060.shtml .

Sanjay Gupta, Innovative Techniques in Forensic Science: CSI on the TV and in Real Life, CNN News, May 14, 2005.

James Hannah, 'CSI' Puts Heat on Real Investigators, Charleston Gazette, Dec. 1, 2002, at 4A.

James Hannah, Forensic Sleuths Feel Heat: People Are Beginning to Expect the Impossible: They Just Saw it on TV, Charleston Observer, Dec. 1, 2002, at 17A.

Mark Hansen, The Uncertain Science of Evidence, ABA Journal, Jul. 2005, at 53, www.abanet.org/journal/redesign/07fcle.html">www.abanet.org/journal/redesign/07fcle.html.

Carlene Hempel, TV's Whodunit Effect: Police Dramas Are Having an Unexpected Impact in the Real World, Boston Globe, Feb. 9, 2003, at 13.

Ellis Henican, TV Crime Shows Teach Criminals Only So Much, Newsday, Mar. 24, 2006, at A2.

Jessica Heslam, Search for a Killer: Industrious Thugs Glean Tips from TV, Boston Herald (MA), Mar. 13, 2006, at 5.

Megan Holland, Crime Stoppers Hopes Weekly TV Spots Draw Tips: Evidence Often Isn't Enough: Anchorage Police Need Witnesses to Nab Crooks: Battling the 'CSI Effect', Anchorage Daily News, Oct. 1, 2005, at A1.

Honeymoon Over with CSI Shows, Kitchener Record, Feb. 23, 2005, at D18.

Max M. Houck, CSI: REALITY, Scientific American, July 2006, http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?chanID=sa006&articleID=000394C8-1227-1493-906183414B7F0162.

Beth Hundsdorfer, Crime Lab Technicians are Vital to Solving Complex Local Cases, Belleville News Democrat (IL), Mar. 13, 2005, at A1.

Beth Hundsdorfer, Illinois Style: Real-Life CSI Not as Glamorous as TV Version, AP Alert-Illinois, Apr. 8, 2005.

Stephen Hunt, A Voice for a Murder Victim, Salt Lake Tribune (UT), D, June 12, 2005.

Interview with Robert Hirschhorn, CNN News, Aug. 6, 2004.

Jose Luis Jimenez, Learning Law Lessons: During Mock Trial, Attorneys Explain Forensic Evidence to Students, San Diego Union-Tribune, Mar. 18, 2006.

Justice Under the Microscope, New York Times, May 16, 2005, at A20, query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res= F30910FF34540C758DDDAC0894DD404482&incamp=archive:search.

Hattie Kaufman, "The CSI Effect," CBS News, Mar. 21, 2005, www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/03/21/earlyshow/main681949.shtml.

Allison Klein, Art Trips Up Life: TV Crime Shows Influence Jurors CSI: The Expectation of Futuristic Hard-Science Evidence Leads to Acquittals in Cases Prosecutors Thought Were Airtight, Baltimore Sun, Jul. 25, 2004, at 1A.

F.A. Krift, The "CSI Effect" Makes Job Tougher for Today's Real-Life Detectives as Crooks Wise Up, The Beaumont Enterprise, June 30, 2006.

Joline Gutierrez Krueger, Jurors Quizzed on 'CSI Effect', Albuquerque Tribune (NM), Feb. 7, 2005, at A1.

P. Kwartner & M.T. Boccaccini, Evidence Based Recommendations for Providing Effective Expert Witness Testimony, in R. Jackson (ed.), Learning Forensic Assessment (LEA Books, in press).

Denise Lavoie, Wrongful Convictions, Acquittals Haunt Suffolk County Prosecutors, AP Alert – MA, Jan. 2, 2005.

Abigail W. Leonard, Jacobson, Stephen Williams, and Andy Rathburn, Cool 2 Know, Newsday, Mar. 7, 2005, at B2.

Bruce Lieberman, Forensics: Fact vs. Fiction: TV Shows Make Crime Solving Look Easy, but in Real Life, It's Not So Simple, Union-Tribune, Feb. 21, 2005, at A1.

Margaret Lillard, Pop Culture Influence: Study: TV's Effect on Juror Behavior Limited, Myrtle Beach Sun News (SC), Feb. 16, 2006, at C4.

Margaret Lillard, Real Juries Don't Demand 'CSI' Precision, Study Finds, Orlando Sentinel, Feb. 16, 2006, at A12.

Paul A. Logli, Message from the President: SOS, CSI and NAC, The Prosecutor, Mar./Apr. 2006, at 5, www.ndaa-apri.org/publications/ndaa.

Stefan Lovgren, "‘CSI’ Effect" is Mixed Blessing for Real Crime Labs, National Geographic News, Sept. 23, 2004, news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/09/0923_040923_csi.html.

Ross MacDowell, The Real CSI, Sunday Herald Sun (Australia), 8, Jan. 23, 2005.

Kirk Makin, The Reliance on Science as a Cure for Injustice, The Globe and Mail, Nov. 22, 2004, at A1.

Maricopa County Attorney’s Office, CSI: Maricopa County: The CSI Effect and Its Real-Life Impact on Justice, Maricopa County, AZ, June 30, 2005, http://www.maricopacountyattorney.org/Press/default.asp.

Alex Massie, "CSI Effect" Evidence in US Courtrooms, Scotland on Sunday, Apr. 24 2005, news.scotsman.com/archive.cfm?id=436302005.

Catriona Mathewson, Screen of the Crime, Courier Mail (Australia), Mar. 24, 2005, at 5.

Katie McDevitt, ‘CSI Effect’ Turns Jurors Into Instant Experts,, East Valley Tribune, Jul. 1, 2005, www.eastvalleytribune.com/index.php?sty=43932.

Nancy McGuire, The CSI Effect, Chemistry.org (American Chemical Society), Mar. 7, 2005, www.chemistry.org/portal/a/c/s/1/feature_ent.html?DOC=enthusiasts%5Cent_crimelab.html.

Michele McPhee, Hub Cops Playing Catch-Up with Crime Scene Special Unit, Boston Herald (MA), May 31, 2005, at 2.

Flynn McRoberts, Steve Mills and Maurice Possley, Prosecutors Say Popular TV Crime Shows Create 'CSI Effect': Analysis: Some Lawyers Say Juries Penalize Those Who Don't Offer Forensic Evidence, but Others Say There's No Proof Either Way, Duluth News Tribune (MN), June 12, 2005.

Joe Milicia, Are Bad Guys Getting Tips from Crime-Scene Dramas? 'CSI' and Some Other TV Shows Offer Tips on How to Get Away With Murder, Some Investigators Contend, Miami Herald, Feb. 2 2006, at E3.

Kira Millage, CSI: Fact and Fiction, Bellingham Herald (WA), Mar. 22, 2006, at 1C.

Bob Miller, 'CSI' Shows May Educate Jurors but also Raise Expectations in Court, AP Alert – Missouri, May 14, 2005.

Steve Mirsky, Crime Scene Investigation: TV Superscientists Affect Real Courts, Campuses and Criminals, Scientific American.com, Apr. 25, 2005.

Nadia Mohandessi, Solving Murders Isn't Like on TV: Solving Murders in Mobile MPD's Homicide Division: It's Not as Easy as the Television Shows Would Have You Believe, Mobile Register (AL), Mar. 2, 2006, at A1.

Sonya Neufeld, Forensics: the Sexy New Career, Cairns Post (Australia), June 18, 2005, at 33.

Sonya Neufeld, Sorting Fact from Fiction, Mercury (Hobart, Australia), June 25, 2005, at B7.

Sonya Neufeld, Students Copy TV’s Forensic Maestros, Courier Mail, June 17, 2005, at 7.

New Forensic Clearinghouse Established, The Prosecutor, Jan./Feb. 2005, at 27, www.ndaa-apri.org/publications/ndaa.

Maggi Newhouse, Real-Life Investigators Indict 'CSI' for Perjury, Pittsburgh Tribune Review, Apr. 13, 2005.

Denise Nix, Lawyers Benefit from TV Image, Daily Breeze, Apr. 17, 2006, at A3.

Not Like on TV, CNN.com, May 9, 2005.

Julie Pace, CSI Effect to Be Discussed at Law, Science Conference, Tampa Tribune, Sept. 12, 2005, at 4.

Cynthia J. Pasquale, Word Watchers Sift Through Constant Shifts in Language, Denver Post, Dec. 29, 2005, at A1.

Penn and Paper, Canberra Times, June 19, 2005.

Charles D. Perry, Take Notes, Hollywood: York County's Forensic Unit is the Real CSI, The Herald (SC), Jan. 22, 2006, at 1A.

Charles Peters, The CSI Effect, Washington Monthly, Sept. 2004.

Sarah Petrescu, This is Not What Real CSIs Look Like, You Know, Toronto Star, Apr. 5, 2005, at C3.

Scott D. Pierce, TV is Entertainment in Spite of Reality Talk, Desert News, Feb. 9, 2003, at C4.

Kimberlianne Podlas, "The CSI Effect": Exposing the Media Myth, 16 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 429 (Winter 2006) (Fordham Intellectual Property Media and Entertainment Law Journal) law.fordham.edu/publications/index.ihtml?pubid=200.

Amy McFall Prince, DNA Dilemma; Shows Like 'CSI' Spawn Confusion Over Crime Labs' Work, Columbian, Jan. 28, 2006, at D1.

Michael Pritchard, 'CSI Effect' Lifts Burden of Proof for Prosecutors, The Press of Atlantic City, Feb. 27, 2006, at C1.

Prosecutors Feel the ‘CSI Effect’, CBS Evening News, Feb. 10, 2005, www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/02/10/eveningnews/main673060.shtml.

Glenn Puit, Binion Jurors Explain Vote to Acquit, Las Vegas Review-Journal (NV), May 8, 2005, at 1B.

Tim Radford, News Roundup: Science: CSI Turns Up the Heat on Experts, Guardian (UK), February 22, 2005, at 8.

The Real CSI: Investigators’ Jobs Less Glamorous, More Personal, CNN.com, May 15, 2005.

Margaret Reardon, Kevin O'Neil, German Morales and Melissa Cooper, Examining Criminal and Evidence Expectancies with the use of Profile Evidence, Presentation at American Psychology-Law Society, Mar. 4, 2005, St. Petersburg, Florida.

Glenn E. Rice, TV is Making Jurors Suspicious about Evidence: CSI: Courtroom Stalemates Increase, Kansas City Star (MO), Aug. 10, 2005, at A1.

Paul Rincon, CSI Shows give "Unrealistic View," BBC News, Feb. 21, 2005, news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/4284335.stm.

Kit R. Roane and Dan Morrison, The CSI Effect, U.S. News & World Report, April 25, 2005, at 48, www.usnews.com/usnews/culture/articles/050425/25csi.htm.

Paul D. Rosevear, Is CSI For Real?, MSN Encarta, Encarta.msn.com/encnet/departments/elearning/?article=csireal>1=6526.

Jennifer Rosinski and David Weber, DAs: "CSI" Effect Spoiling Jurors, Boston Herald, Nov. 12, 2004, at 2.

Wendy Ruderman, TV Fictions Entangle a Courtroom: A Woodbury Murder Trial Raises the Question: Do Juries Expect Too Much from Forensic Science?, Philadelphia Inquirer, May 20, 2005, at B7.

Dave Scheiber, Crossing the Line: Reality Becomes Fiction When a Real-Life Detective, Who Makes His Home in St. Petersburg, Embarks on a New Career Advising the CBS Crime Drama, CSI:Miami, St. Petersburg Times, Jan. 1, 2004, www.sptimes.com/2004/01/01/Floridian/Crossing_the_line.shtml.

Scripps Howard News Service, 'CSI' Fiction, Reality Collide, Newsday, Feb. 22, 2005, at A24.

John Sharp, Beeney Case Shocks Police: East Peoria Police Chief Says TV Crime Shows Are Affecting Real-Life Trials, Peoria (Ill.) Journal Star, June 25, 2005, www.pjstar.com/stories/062505/TRI_B6Q4JRJU.061.shtml.

Zofia Smardz, The Jury’s Out: How 12 Reasonable People Got Hung Up on Reasonable Doubt, Washington Post, June 26, 2005, at B1.

John L. Smith, Evidence Lab Labors in Real World of Biker Gangs, Not "CSI" Fantasy, Las Vegas Review-Journal (NV), Feb. 2, 2005, at 1B.

Sid Smith, Murder, They Wrote: Police TV Shows Are All the Rage, and Here's Why, Chicago Tribune, Feb. 12, 2006, at 1.

John Springer, Millionaire Durst Acquitted of Neighbor’s Murder, CourtTV.com, Nov. 11, 2003, www.courttv.com/trials/durst/verdict_ctv.html.

Jim Starrs, The CSI Effect, AAFS Newsletter, Mar. 2005.

State News in Brief: Lawyers fight 'CSI Effect' on Juries, Myrtle Beach Sun News, at C3, Nov. 24, 2006.

Greg Stearns, CSI Reader Response (letter to the editor), USNews.com, May 16, 2005, www.usnews.com/usnews/letters/articles/050516/16lett.htm.

Correy E. Stephenson, Lawyers Discuss the Experience of Being in the Jury Box, Daily Record (Kansas City, MO), June 14, 2005.

Jim Stingl, In My Opinion: Wanna Be a Coroner? So Do 30 Other Folks, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (WI), Apr. 29, 2005, at B1.

Jamie Stockwell, 'CSI' Having Effect on Real-Life Court Cases Jurors Reluctant to Convict without Forensic Evidence, Some Prosecutors Say, Charleston Daily Mail (WV), May 30, 2005, at 13A.

Jamie Stockwell, Defense Lawyers Hinge Cases on "CSI" The Washington Post, May 22, 2005.

Jamie Stockwell, Defense, Prosecution Play to New ‘CSI’ Savvy: Juries Are Increasingly Are Expecting TV-Style Forensics, MSNBC.com, May 22, 2005, www.msnbc.com/id/7902971/print/1/displaymode/1098.

Jamie Stockwell, Jurists Expect Real-Life Evidence to match Prime Time TV: Defense Lawyers Now Hinge Cases on CSI-Savvy Juries, Myrtle Beach Sun News, May 23, 2005, at A1, www.myrtlebeachonline.com/mld/myrtlebeachonline.

Jamie Stockwell, More Juries Taking TV to Heart, Houston Chronicle, May 28, 2005, at A2.

Jamie Stockwell, TV Shows Distort Juries’ Expectation of Proof, Some Say, San Jose Mercury News, May 22, 2005.

Dana Sullivan, Get Set for Jurors with CSI IQs, New Jersey Lawyer: The Weekly Newspaper, June 13, 2005, at 1137.

Jim Sullivan, The 'CSI Effect' Gone Wild in Suburbia: Our Appetite for TV Violence Seems to Be Growing: Is It Having an Effect on Crime Rates? , Christian Science Monitor, June 23, 2006, at 9.

Jamal Thalji, Learning a Crime Scene, Bullet by Bullet, St. Petersburg Times, Jan. 30, 2006, at 1.

Andrew P. Thomas, The CSI Effect and Its Real-Life Impact on Justice: A Study by the Maricopa County Attorney's Office, The Prosecutor, Sept./Oct. 2005, at 10.

Toobin: "CSI" Makes Jurors More Demanding: Is Popular Show Guilty of Influencing U.S. Courtrooms?, CNN.com.

Ed Treleven, 'The CSI Effect' on Real Juries Some Jurors are Expecting to See in the Courtroom What They See on TV, Wisconsin State Journal, June 19, 2005, at A1.

Tom R. Tyler, Viewing CSI and the Threshold of Guilt: Managing Truth and Justice in Reality and Fiction, 115 Yale L.J. 1050 (Mar. 2006) (Yale Law Journal). www.yalelawjournal.org/archive_abstract.asp?id=529

Voir Dire: Beware the CSI Effect, The National Law Journal, Aug. 2, 2004, at 13.

Eric Volante and Kim Smith, ‘CSI Effect’ Impacts Justice in Tuscon, Arizona Daily Star, May 8, 2005, at A1, www.dailystar.com/dailystar/dailystar/74101.php.

John von Radowitz, TV Crime Series 'Putting Forensic Labs Under Pressure', PA News, Feb. 21, 2005.

Jim Walsh, County Attorney Says TV Tainting Viewers, Jurors on Forensic Evidence, The Arizona Republic, B1, July 1, 2005.

Michael J. Watkins, Forensics in the Media: Have Attorneys Reacted to the Growing Popularity of Forensic Crime Dramas?, independently published student paper at www.coolings.net/education/papers/Capstone-Electronic.pdf.

Rick Weiss, ‘CSI Effect’ Vexes Real Sleuths, Washington Post, Feb. 21, 2005.

Rick Weiss, Forensic Science Perfect? Only on TV 'CSI' Raises Expectations of Prosecutors, Journal-Gazette, Feb. 28, 2005, at 8.

Why the Little Things Do Matter, Canberra Times, June 20, 2005.

John K. Wiley, WSP's Forensic Backlog, Columbian, June 26, 2006, at C2.

Richard Willing, "CSI Effect" Has Juries Wanting More Evidence, USA Today at 1A, August 25, 2004, www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2004-08-05-csi-effect_x.htm.

Richard Winton, District Attorney Calls Blake Jury 'Stupid', Los Angeles Times, Mar. 24, 2005.

Tim Zatzariny, Jr., Time the Enemy in Old Case, Courier-Post, May 22, 2005, at B1.