Education & Training

The CSI Effect

prepared by the NCSTL Research Department
June 2011

Studies & Journal Articles | Books | Media | Newspaper & Magazine Articles

Studies & Journal Articles

Gray Cavender and Sarah K. Deutsch, CSI and Moral Authority: The Police and Science 3[1] Crime Media Culture 67 (April 2007)

Simon A. Cole and Rachel Dioso-Villa, Investigating the 'CSI Effect' Effect: Media and Litigation Crisis in Criminal Law, 61 Stan. L. Rev. 1335 (April 2009)

Craig M. Cooley, Forensic Individualization Sciences and the Capital Jury: Are Witherspoon Jurors More Deferential to Suspect Science than Non-Witherspoon Jurors?, 28 S. Ill. U. L.J. 273 (Winter 2004)

Craig M. Cooley, Forgettable Science, Forensic Science, and Capital Punishment: Reforming the Forensic Science Community to Avert the Ultimate Injustice, 15 Stan. L. & Pol'y Rev. 381 (2004)

Gary A. Davis, Karen L. Paullet, Max Houck, & Tom Swan, Does the Technology Portrayed in Television Crime Shows have an Effect on Potential Jurors, XI Issues in Information Systems 154 (2010)

J. Herbie DiFonzo, Devil in a White Coat: The Temptation of Forensic Evidence in the Age of CSI, 41 New Eng. L. Rev. 503 (2006-2007)

Ken Dowler, Thomas Fleming, and Stephen L. Muzzatti, Constructing Crime: Media, Crime, and Popular Culture, 48 Can. J. Criminology & Crim. Just. 837 (Oct. 1, 2006)

Judith Fordham, Bad Press: Does the Jury Deserve It?, 36th Australian Legal Convention (2009)

Luke Francis Georgette, The Hung Jury: Scholarly Consensus on the Value of the CSI Effect in the Future of American Justice, 3 Intersect 1 (2010) journal/index.php/intersect/article/viewPDFInterstitial/209/85

Janne A. Holmgren & Judith Fordham, The CSI Effect and the Canadian and the Australian Jury, 56 J. Forensic Sci. S63 (Dec. 2010)

Edward J. Imwinkelried, Dealing with the Supposed Jury Preconceptions about the Significance of the Lack of Evidence: The Difference Between the Perspective of the Policymaker and that of the Advocate, 27 T.M. Cooley L. Rev. 37 (2010)

Young S. Kim, Gregg Barak, & Donald E. Shelton, Examining the "CSI-effect" in the Cases of Circumstantial Evidence and Eyewitness Testimony: Multivariate and Path Analyses, 37 J. Crim. Just. 452 (2009)

Tamara F. Lawson, Before the Verdict and Beyond the Verdict: The CSI Infection within Modern Criminal Jury Trials, 41 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 119 (Fall 2009)

Maricopa County Attorney's Office, CSI: Maricopa County: The CSI Effect and Its Real-Life Impact on Justice, Maricopa County, AZ (June 30, 2005)

Michael Mopas, Examining the 'CSI Effect' through an ANT Lens, Crime Media Culture, vol. 3, issue 1, pages 110-117 (April 2007)

National Center for State Courts, How the Public Views the State Courts: A 1999 National Survey,

Thomas W. Nolan, Depiction of the CSI Effect in Popular Culture: Portrait in Domination and Effective Affectation, 41 New Eng. L. Rev. 575 (2007)

Kimberlianne Podlas, Guilty on All Accounts: Law & Order's Impact on Public Perception of Law and Order, 18 Seton Hall J. Sports & Ent. L. 1 (2008)

Kimberlianne Podlas, The "CSI Effect"and Other Forensic Fictions, 27 Loyola L.A. Ent. L. Rev. 87 (2007)

Kimberlianne Podlas, "The CSI Effect": Exposing the Media Myth, 16 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 429 (Winter 2006)

Monica L.P. Robbers, Blinded by Science: The Social Construction of Reality in Forensic Television Shows and Its Effect on Criminal Jury Trials 19 Crim. Just. Pol'y Rev. 84 (2008)

N.J. Schweitzer & Michael J. Saks, The CSI Effect: Popular Fiction about Forensic Science Affects the Public's Expectations about Real Forensic Science, 47 Jurimetrics J. 357 (Spring 2007)

Donald E. Shelton, The 'CSI Effect': Does It Really Exist?, NIJ Journal, No. 259 (March 2008) effect.htm

Donald E. Shelton, "CSI Effect": Juror Expectations for Forensic Science: Does Reality Meet the Standard?, 27 T.M. Cooley L. Rev. 1 (2010)

Donald E. Shelton, Young S. Kim, & Gregg Barak, An Indirect-Effects Model of Mediated Adjudication: The CSI Myth, the Tech Effect, and Metropolitan Jurors' Expectations for Scientific Evidence, 12 Vand. J. Ent. & Tech. L. 1 (Fall 2009)

Donald E. Shelton, Young S. Kim and Gregg Barak, A Study of Juror Expectations and Demands Concerning Scientific Evidence: Does the "CSI Effect" Exist?, 9 Vand. J. Ent. & Tech. L. 331 (Winter 2006).

Steven M. Smith, Marc W. Patry, & Veronica Stinson, But What is the CSI Effect? How Crime Dramas Influence People's Beliefs About Forensic Evidence, 5 Canadian J. Police & Security Services 187 (Fall/Winter 2007)

Veronica Stinson, Marc W. Patry, & Steven M. Smith, The CSI Effect: Reflections from Police and Forensic Investigators, 5 Canadian J. Police & Security Services 125 (Fall/Winter 2007)

Tom R. Tyler, Viewing CSI and the Threshold of Guilt: Managing Truth and Justice in Reality and Fiction, 115 Yale L.J. 1050 (Mar. 2006)

Michael J. Watkins, Forensics in the Media: Have Attorneys Reacted to the Growing Popularity of Forensic Crime Dramas? (2004, independently published masters thesis)

Michael J. Watkins, Forensics in the Media: Have Judges Been Influenced by the Growing Popularity of Forensic CrimeDramas? (2010, independently published masters thesis)

Rhonda Wheate, Australian Juries and Scientific Evidence, 38 Australian J. Forensic Sci. 75 (July 2006)

Jenny Wise, Providing the CSI Treatment: Criminal Justice Practitioners and the CSI Effect, 21 Current Issues in Criminal Justice 383 (2009);dn=250856673663167;res=IELHSS


Michele Byers & Val Marie Johnson, The CSI Effect: Television, Crime, and Governance (Lexington Books 2009)

Donn Cortez & Leah Wilson, Investigating CSI: An Unauthorized Look Inside the Crime Labs of Las Vegas, Miami, and New York (Benbella 2006)

Aric W. Dutelle & Joseph LeFevre, An Introduction to Crime Scene Investigation (Jones & Bartlett Publishers 2011)

Ayn Embar, Seddon & Allan D. Pass, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (Salem Press 2008)

Derek Kompare, CSI (Wiley-Blackwell Series in Film and Television, Blackwell Publishing 2010)

Aubri F. McDonald, Media, Crime & Culture: An Investigation into the CSI Effect (VDM Verlag 2009)

Katherine Ramsland, The C.S.I. Effect, (Berkeley Publishing Group 2006)

Donald Shelton, Forensic Science in Court: Challenges in the Twenty First Century (Rowman & Littlefield 2011)

Dennis J. Stevens, Media and Criminal Justice: The CSI Effect (Jones and Bartlett Publishers 2011)

Suffolk University Law School Center for Advanced Legal Studies, Flaschner Judicial Institute, & Macaronis Institute of Trial and Appellate Advocacy, The CSI Effect: Litigation Strategies and Courtroom Dynamics (Center for Advanced Legal Studies 2007)

Ray Surette, Media Crime, and Criminal Justice (Wadsworth Cengage Learning 2011)


The CSI Effect, Anderson Cooper 360 Degrees, CNN, Feb. 23, 2005

The 'CSI' Effect on Criminal Justice, NPR News & Notes, May 9, 2008

Prosecutors Feel the ‘CSI Effect,’ CBS Evening News, Feb. 10, 2005

Arun Rath, Is the 'CSI Effect' Influencing Courtrooms?, NPR, February 7, 2011

Dina Temple-Raston, Call for Forensic Overhaul Linked to 'CSI' Effect, NPR, Feb. 19, 2009

Newspaper & Magazine Articles

Timothy Appleby, How Real Crime Scene Investigators Work: The Infamous CSI-Television Effect is 'Just One Major Headache,' Toronto Globe & Mail, April 12, 2008, at A12

Timothy Appleby, When Guilt or Innocence Depends on Fact or Fiction: CSI and Similar Shows Are Blurring the Lines Between Television and Reality, Toronto Globe & Mail, Nov. 22, 2006, at A16

Wendy Brickell, Is It the CSI Effect or Do We Just Distrust Juries?, Criminal Justice Magazine, Summer 2009, at 10

Karin Cather, The CSI Effect: Fake TV and Its Impact on Jurors in Criminal Cases, The Prosecutor, Mar./Apr. 2004

Amy Lennard Goehner, Lina Lofaro, and Kate Novack, Ripple Effect: Where CSI Meets Real Law and Order, Time, Nov. 1, 2004, at 69,9171,749437,00.html

Mark Hansen, The Uncertain Science of Evidence, ABA Journal, Jul. 2005, at 53

Max M. Houck, CSI: REALITY, Scientific American, July 2006
See also

Flynn McRoberts, Steve Mills and Maurice Possley, The CSI effect: Fact or fiction?(CSI: Crime Scene Investigation), Chicago Tribune, June 8, 2005

Kit R. Roane and Dan Morrison, The CSI Effect, U.S. News & World Report, April 25, 2005, at 48

The "CSI Effect," The Economist, April 22, 2010

Jeffrey Toobin, The CSI Effect: The Truth About Forensic Science, The New Yorker, May 7, 2007