Education & Training

Casework Reviews of mtDNA that Demonstrate Contamination, Inexperience in Interpreting Mixtures, and Differences in How Tests are Conducted


Books

John M. Butler, Forensic Issues: Degraded DNA, PCR Inhibition, Contamination, Mixed Samples and Low Copy Number, in forensic dna typing: biology, technology, and genetics of str markers (2nd ed., Academic Press 2006) (http://books.google.com/books/elsevier?id=gwDyBq2xLjIC&printsec=frontcover&dq=forensic+dna+typing&sig=2G8fFWvv39zTRgMPzPDdU32K6OI)

Mitchell M. Holland & Edwin F. Huffine, Molecular Analysis of Human Mitochondrial DNA Control Region for Forensic Identity Testing, in Current Protocols in Human Genetics (Jonathan L. Haines, Bruce R. Korf, Cynthia C. Morton, Christine E. Seidman, J.G. Seidman & Douglas R. Smith, eds., Wiley Aug. 2000). (DOI:10.1002/0471142905.hg1407s26) (http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/emrw/9780471142904/cp/cphg/article/hg1407/current/abstract)

Commission on DNA Forensic Science: An Update, National Research Council, Ensuring High Standards of Laboratory Performance, in The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence (National Academy Press 1996) (http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=0309053951)



Articles

L. Prieto, A. Alonso, C. Alves, M. Crespillo, M. Montesino, A. Picornell, A. Brehm, J.L. Ramírez, M.R. Whittle, M.J. Anjos, I. Boschi, J. Buj, M. Cerezo, S. Cardoso, R. Cicarelli, D. Comas, D. Corach, C. Doutremepuich, R.M. Espinheira, I. Fernández-Fernández, S. Filippini, Julia Garcia-Hirschfeld, A. González, B. Heinrichs, A. Hernández, F.P.N. Leite, R.P. Lizarazo, A.M. López-Parra, M. López-Soto, J.A. Lorente, B. Mechoso, I. Navarro, S. Pagano, J.J. Pestano, J. Puente, E. Raimondi, A. Rodríguez-Quesada, M.F. Terra-Pinheiro, L. Vidal-Rioja, C. Vullo & A. Salas, 2006 GEP-ISFG Collaborative Exercise on mtDNA: Reflections about Interpretation, Artefacts and DNA Mixtures, 2 Forensic Science International: Genetics 126 (Mar. 2008) (DOI:10.1016/j.fsigen.2007.10.010) ( http://www.fsigenetics.com/article/S1872-4973(07)00173-1/abstract)

M. Montesinoa, A. Salasb, M. Crespilloc, C. Albarránd, A. Alonsod, V. Álvarez-Iglesiasb, J.A. Canoe, M. Carvalhof, D. Corachg, C. Cruzh, A. Di Lonardoi, R. Espinheirah, M.J. Farfánj, S. Filippinii, J. García-Hirschfeldd, A. Hernándezk, G. Limal, C.M. López-Cubríae, M. López-Sotoj, S. Paganom, M. Paredesc, M.F. Pinheirol, A.M. Rodríguez-Mongea, A. Salag, S. Sóñoram, D.R. Sumitan, M.C. Videf, M.R. Whittlen, A. Zuritak & L. Prieto, Analysis of Body Fluids Mixtures by mtDNA Sequencing: An Interlaboratory Study of the GEP-ISFG Working Group, 168 Forensic Science International 42 (May 2007) (DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2006.06.066) (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03790738)

James Watterson, Valerie Blackmore & Dalia Bagby, Considerations for the Analysis of Forensic Samples Following Extended Exposure to the Environment, 19 The Forensic Examiner 1084 (Dec. 2006) ( http://www.acfei.com/examiner.php#examiner)

Julia García-Hirschfeld, Antonio Alonso, Oscar García, Antonio Amorim & Josefina Gómez, 2004-2005 GEP Proficiency Testing Programs: Special Emphasis on the Interlaboratory Analysis of Mixed Stains, 1288 International Congress Series 855 (Apr. 2006) (DOI:10.1016/j.ics.2005.09.167) (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/05315131)

Antonio Salas, , a, Lourdes Prietob, Marta Montesinob, Cristina Albarránc, Eduardo Arroyod, Miguel R. Paredes-Herrerae, Ana Ma Di Lonardof, Christian Doutremepuichg, Isabel Fernández-Fernándezh, Alberto González de la Vegai, Cíntia Alvesj, Carlos M. Lópezk, Manolo López-Sotol, José A. Lorentem, Antònia Picornelln, Rosa M. Espinheirao, Alexis Hernándezp, Ana Ma Palacioq, Marta Espinozar, Juan J. Yuniss, Anna Pérez-Lezaunt, José J. Pestanou, Juan Carlos Carrilv, Daniel Corachw, Ma Conceiçao Videx, V. Álvarez-Iglesiasa, M. F. Pinheiroy, Martín R. Whittlez, Antonio BrehmA and Josefina Gómez, Mitochondrial DNA Error Prophylaxis: Assessing the Causes of Errors in the GEP'02-03 Proficiency Testing Trial, 148 Forensic Science International 191 (Mar. 2005) (DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2004.06.008) (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03790738)

Terry Melton, Kimberlyn Nelson, Gloria Dimick, Bonnie Higgins & Lynn Lindstrom, Forensic Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of 691 Casework Hairs, 50 Journal of Forensic Sciences 73 (Jan. 2005) (DOI:10.1520/JFS2004230) (http://journalsip.astm.org/JOURNALS/FORENSIC/TOC/5012005.htm)

H.J. Bandelt, A. Salas & S. Lutz-Bonengel, Artificial Recombination in Forensic mtDNA Population Databases, 118 International Journal of Legal Medicine 267 (Oct. 2004) (DOI:10.1007/s00414-004-0455-2) (href="http://www.springerlink.com/content/1ny37qpm4lx6rln9/?p=bb62a4b0c5c0456abbc06870e9564536&pi=15)

Yong-Gang Yao, Claudio M. Bravi & Hans-Jürgen Bandelt, A Call for mtDNA Data Quality Control in Forensic Science, 141 Forensic Science International 1 (Apr. 2004) (DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.12.004) ( http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03790738)

A. Knight, L.A. Zhivotovsky, D.H. Kass, D.E. Litwin, L.D. Green, P.S. White & J.L. Mountain, Molecular, Forensic and Haplotypic Inconsistencies Regarding the Identity of the Ekaterinburg Remains, 31 Annals of Human Biology 129 (Mar. 2004) (DOI:10.1080/03014460310001652257) (http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a713740338~db=all~order=page)

Walther Parson, Anita Brandstätter, Antonio Alonso, Nathalie Brandt, Bernd Brinkmann, Angel Carracedo, Daniel Corach, Olivier Froment, Ivana Furac, Tomasz Grzybowski, Karin Hedberg, Christine Keyser-Tracqui, Tomasz Kupiec, Sabine Lutz-Bonengel, Bente Mevag, Rafal Ploski, Hermann Schmitter, Peter Schneider, Denise Syndercombe-Court, Eric Sørensen, Heather Thew, Gillian Tully & Richard Scheithauer, The EDNAP Mitochondrial DNA Population Database (EMPOP) Collaborative Exercises: Organisation, Results, and Perspectives, 139 Forensic Science International 215 (Jan. 2004) (DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.11.008) (http://www.fsijournal.org/article/S0379-0738(03)00493-6/abstract)

Yolanda Torres, , a, Inmaculada Floresa, Victoria Prietoa, Manuel López-Sotoa, María José Farfána, Angel Carracedob & Pilar Sanz, DNA Mixtures in Forensic Casework: A 4-Year Retrospective Study, 134 Forensic Science International 180 (July 2003) (DOI:10.1016/S0379-0738(03)00161-0) ( http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03790738)

Lourdes Prieto, , a, Marta Montesinoa, Antonio Salasb, Antonio Alonsoc, Cristina Albarránc, Sara Álvarezd, Manuel Crespilloe, Ana Ma Di Lonardof, Christian Doutremepuichg, Isabel Fernández-Fernándezh, Alberto González de la Vegai, Leonor Gusmãoj, Carlos M. Lópezk, Manolo López-Sotol, José A. Lorentem, Marcelo Malaghinin, Carlos A. Martínezo, Nidia M. Modestip, Ana Ma Palacioq, Manuel Paredesr, Sergio D. J. Penas, Anna Pérez-Lezaunt, José J. Pestanou, Jorge Puentev, Andrea Salaw, MaConceiçao Videx, Martín R. Whittley, Juan J. Yunisz & Josefina Gómez, The 2000-2001 GEP-ISFG Collaborative Exercise on mtDNA: Assessing the Cause of Unsuccessful mtDNA PCR Amplification of Hair Shaft Samples, 134 Forensic Science International 46 (June 2003) (DOI:10.1016/S0379-0738(03)00095-) (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03790738)

Kiyoshi Minaguchi, Yoichi Hanaoka, Sayaka Maruyama, Iku Nonaka, Masahiro Kajiwara, Tetsuya Takagi & Yoshinobu Sato, DNA Analysis of Neonatal Human Remains Wrapped and Kept in a Vinyl Bag for 15 Years, 5 Legal Medicine S183 (Mar. 2003) (DOI:10.1016/S1344-6223(02)00106-2) (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13446223)

Carina Dennis, Error Reports Threaten to Unravel Databases of Mitochondrial DNA, 421 Nature 773 (Feb. 20, 2003) (http://www.bioforensics.com/articles/mt_errors_Nature_19feb03.pdf)

William M. Shields, Conference paper, Peer Review and the Validity of the FBI's Validation Studies of P.C.R. Amplification and Automated Sequencing of Mitochondrial DNA for Forensic Use, Forensic Bioinformatics 2nd Annual Conference: Statistics and DNA Profiling (August 29-30, 2003) (http://www.bioforensics.com/conference/mtDNA/mtdnapap1.pdf)

Terry Melton & Kimberlyn Nelson, Forensic Mitochondrial DNA Analysis: Two Years of Commercial Casework Experience in the United States, 42 Croatian Medical Journal 298 (June 2001) (http://www.cmj.hr/2001/42/3/4203.htm)

C. Kimber, Interpretation of Mitochondrial DNA Sequencing, 40 Science and Justice 217 (2000) (http://www.forensic.gov.uk/forensic/products/fors/subject/dna)

Mark R. Wilson, Joseph A. DiZinno, Deborah Polanskey, Jeri Replogle & Bruce Budowle, Validation of Mitochondrial DNA Sequencing for Forensic Casework Analysis, 108 International Journal of Legal Medicine 68 (Mar. 1995) (DOI:10.1007/BF01369907) (http://www.springerlink.com/content/t35r62l72974/?p=35f2891674f8420fa225d574e4f27acf&pi=78)