Education & Training

DNA for Defense

Articles & Reports | Books | Resources for Cases & Legislation

Articles & Reports

Frederick R. Bieber, Charles H. Brenner & David Lazer, Finding Criminals Through DNA of Their Relatives, Science, Vol. 312, No. 5778 at 1315 (June 2006)

Edward Connors, Thomas Lundregan, Neal Miller, Tom McEwen, Convicted by Juries, Exonerated by Science: Case Studies in the Use of DNA Evidence to Establish Innocence After Trial, National Institute of Justice, NCJ 161258, June 1996
( aevid.pdf).

William J. Cromie, Catching Criminals Through Their Relatives' DNA: Finding Genetic Needles in Database Haystacks, Harv. U. Gazette, May 11, 2006

B. Michael Dann, Valerie P. Hans & David H. Kaye, Can Jury Trial Innovations Improve Juror Understanding of DNA Evidence?, NIJ Journal, No. 255, Nov. 2006

Federal Bureau of Investigation, The FBI's Combined DNA Index System Program: CODIS, April 2000

Federal Bureau of Investigation, The FBI's DNA and Databasing Initiatives, October 2000 (

Kelly Fox & Donna Lyons, Fighting Crime with DNA, NCSL Legisbrief, Vol. 10, No. 42 (October 2002)
( /cj/legis1042.htm).

Paul C. Giannelli, Impact of Post-Conviction DNA Testing on Forensic Science, 35 New England L. Rev. 627 (Spring 2001)
( v/vol35/3/giannelli.PDF).

Sarah V. Hart, Report to the Attorney General on Delays in Forensic DNA Analysis, National Institute of Justice, NCJ 199425, March 2003
( s1/nij/199425.pdf).

Kim Herd, Kimberly Irving & Adrianne Day, National Commission on the Future of DNA Evidence's Recommendations for Handling Requests for Postconviction DNA Testing, The Silent Witness, Vol. 5, No. 1 (2000)

Milton Hirsch, A Nation of Suspects, The Champion, April 2007, at 52

Steve Hogan & Steve Swinton, Meeting Defense Challenges to DNA Evidence, The Silent Witness, Vol. 8, No. 1 (2003)

Elizabeth E. Joh, Reclaiming 'Abandoned' DNA: The Fourth Amendment and Genetic Privacy, 100 Northwestern U. L. Rev. 857 (Winter 2006)
(http: //

Lisa Kreeger, Preparing for Defense Experts, The Silent Witness, Vol. 7, No. 2 (2002)

Lisa R. Kreeger & Danielle M. Weiss, DNA Evidence Policy Considerations for the Prosecutor, American Prosecutors Research Institute, Sept. 2004

Lisa R. Kreeger & Danielle M. Weiss, Forensic DNA Fundamentals for the Prosecutor—Be Not Afraid, American Prosecutors Research Institute, Nov. 2003

Seth F. Kreimer & David Rudovsky, Double Helix, Double Bind: Factual Innocence and Postconviction DNA Testing, 151 U. Pa. L. REV. 547 (2002)
( U Pa L Rev 547 (2002).pdf).

Charles I. Lugosi, Punishing the Factually Innocent: DNA, Habeas Corpus and Justice, 12 Geo. Mason U. Civ. Rts. L.J. 233 (Spring 2002)
( /articles.php).

Kamrin T. MacKnight, The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR): The Second Generation of DNA Analysis Methods Takes the Stand, 20 Santa Clara Computer & High Tech. L.J. 95 (2003)

Jennifer N. Mellon, Manufacturing Convictions: Why Defendants Are Entitled to the Data Underlying Forensic DNA Kits, 51 Duke L.J. 1097 (2001)
( 51+Duke+L.+J.+1097).

Jennifer L. Mnookin, Fingerprint Evidence in an Age of DNA Profiling, 67 Brook L. Rev. 13 (2001)
(http://www.brooklaw.e du/students/journals/blr/blr67i.php).

Richard A. Nakashima, DNA Evidence in Criminal Trials: A Defense Attorney’s Primer, 74 Neb. L. Rev. 444 (1995)
( d=law-review).

National Commission on the Future of DNA Evidence, What Every Law Enforcement Officer Should Know About DNA Evidence, National Institute of Justice, BC000614, 1999
( les1/nij/bc000614.pdf).

National Commission on the Future of DNA Evidence & Office for Victims of Crime, Understanding DNA Evidence: A Guide for Victim Service Providers, National Institute of Justice, BC000657, 2001
( les1/nij/bc000657.pdf).

National Institute of Justice, DNA in Minor Crimes Yields Major Benefits in Public Safety, In Short: Toward Criminal Justice Solutions, NCJ207203, Nov. 2004

National Institute of Justice, DNA's Link to Corrections, Corrections Today, Vol. 66, No. 5 (August 2004)
( 1/nij/08_04.pdf).

Juliana C. Russo & Julie Park, The Constitutionality of Forensic DNA Databanks: An Overview of State Court 4th Amendment Cases, ASMLE Report, 2005
( dna_04/reports/russo_update.pdf).

Greg W. Steadman, Survey of DNA Crime Laboratories, 2001, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ 191191, January 2002
( /bjs/pub/pdf/sdnacl01.pdf).

Charles M. Strom, Genetic Justice: A Lawyer’s Guide to the Science of DNA Testing, 87 Ill. B.J. 18 (1999)
( c.htm).

Franco Taroni, Silvia Bozza, Magali Bernard & Christophe Champod, Value of DNA Tests: A Decision Perspective, 52 J. Forensic Sci. 31 (January 2007)

William C. Thompson, Simon Ford, Travis Doom, Michael Raymer & Dan E. Krane, Evaluating Forensic DNA Evidence: Essential Elements of a Competent Defense Review, The Champion, April 2003, at 16

William C. Thompson, Simon Ford, Travis Doom, Michael Raymer & Dan E. Krane, Evaluating Forensic DNA Evidence, Part 2, The Champion, May 2003, at 24

William C. Thompson, Tarnish On The 'Gold Standard': Recent Problems In Forensic DNA Testing, The Champion, January/February 2006, at 10

David Winickoff & Julie Park, The Constitutionality of Forensic DNA Databanks: Fourth Amendment Issues, ASMLE Report, 2005
(http://www.aslme. org/dna_04/reports/winickoff_update.pdf).

Jay A. Zollinger, Defense Access to State-Funded DNA Experts: Considerations of Due Process, 85 Cal. L. Rev. 1803 (December 1997)


David J. Balding, Weight-of-Evidence for Forensic DNA Profiles (Wiley, 2005) (

John S. Buckleton, Christopher M. Triggs, & Simon J. Walsh, Forensic DNA Evidence Interpretation (CRC Press, 2004) (

John M. Butler, Forensic DNA Typing: Biology, Technology and Genetics of STR Markers, Second Edition (Elsevier Academic Press, 2005) (

Lawrence Kobilinsky, Thomas Liotti, & Jamel L. Oeser-Sweat, DNA: Forensic and Legal Applications (Wiley, 2004) (

Henry Lee & Frank Tirnady, Blood Evidence: How DNA is Revolutionizing the Way We Solve Crimes (Basic Books, 2003) ( sic).

Norah Rudin & Keith Inman, An Introduction to Forensic DNA Analysis, Second Edition (CRC Press, 2001) (

Resources for Cases and Legislation

American Prosecutors Research Institute – DNA Forensics Program, DNA Case Law (http://www.ndaa-

American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Survey of DNA Database Statutes and Survey of Post-Conviction DNA Testing Statutes ( d/index.php).

National Clearinghouse for Science, Technology & the Law at Stetson University College of Law – Searchable Database (

National Conference of State Legislatures – DNA in Criminal Justice ( a.htm):

Post-Conviction DNA Motions (January 2007) ( grams/cj/postconviction.htm).

State and Federal Court Challenges to the Constitutionality of DNA Databases (June 2003) (

State Laws on DNA Data Banks: Qualifying Offenses, Others Who Must Provide Sample (September 2007) ( ams/cj/dnadatabanks.htm).

State Legislation on Statute of Limitations for Sexual Assaults (April 2007) ( ams/cj/includingdna.htm).

State Statutes Regarding Admissibility of DNA Evidence (1999) (http://www.ncsl .org/programs/health/genetics/DNAadmiss.htm).

The President's DNA Initiative: Advancing Justice Through DNA Technology (