Education & Training

DNA for Defense

Articles & Reports | Books | Resources for Cases & Legislation



Articles & Reports

Frederick R. Bieber, Charles H. Brenner & David Lazer, Finding Criminals Through DNA of Their Relatives, Science, Vol. 312, No. 5778 at 1315 (June 2006)
(http://www.sci cencemag.org/cgi/content/summary/312/5778/1315).

Edward Connors, Thomas Lundregan, Neal Miller, Tom McEwen, Convicted by Juries, Exonerated by Science: Case Studies in the Use of DNA Evidence to Establish Innocence After Trial, National Institute of Justice, NCJ 161258, June 1996
(http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/dn aevid.pdf).

William J. Cromie, Catching Criminals Through Their Relatives' DNA: Finding Genetic Needles in Database Haystacks, Harv. U. Gazette, May 11, 2006
(http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/daily/2006/05/11-dna.html).

B. Michael Dann, Valerie P. Hans & David H. Kaye, Can Jury Trial Innovations Improve Juror Understanding of DNA Evidence?, NIJ Journal, No. 255, Nov. 2006
(http://ww w.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/journals/255/trial_innovations.html).

Federal Bureau of Investigation, The FBI's Combined DNA Index System Program: CODIS, April 2000
(http://www.dna.gov/rawmedia_repository/7d77e285_f2c0_4098_8863_fe744ce72e3b).

Federal Bureau of Investigation, The FBI's DNA and Databasing Initiatives, October 2000 (http://www.dna.gov/rawmedia_repository/d661fc45_8907_4251_b3f3_e92b95feef39).

Kelly Fox & Donna Lyons, Fighting Crime with DNA, NCSL Legisbrief, Vol. 10, No. 42 (October 2002)
(http://www.ncsl.org/programs /cj/legis1042.htm).

Paul C. Giannelli, Impact of Post-Conviction DNA Testing on Forensic Science, 35 New England L. Rev. 627 (Spring 2001)
(http://www.nesl.edu/lawre v/vol35/3/giannelli.PDF).

Sarah V. Hart, Report to the Attorney General on Delays in Forensic DNA Analysis, National Institute of Justice, NCJ 199425, March 2003
(http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffile s1/nij/199425.pdf).

Kim Herd, Kimberly Irving & Adrianne Day, National Commission on the Future of DNA Evidence's Recommendations for Handling Requests for Postconviction DNA Testing, The Silent Witness, Vol. 5, No. 1 (2000)
(http://www.ndaa- apri.org/publications/newsletters/silent_witness_volume_5_number_1_2000.html).

Milton Hirsch, A Nation of Suspects, The Champion, April 2007, at 52
(http://www.nacdl.org/public.nsf/$$searchChampion).

Steve Hogan & Steve Swinton, Meeting Defense Challenges to DNA Evidence, The Silent Witness, Vol. 8, No. 1 (2003)
(http://www.ndaa- apri.org/publications/newsletters/silent_witness_volume_8_number_1_2003.html).

Elizabeth E. Joh, Reclaiming 'Abandoned' DNA: The Fourth Amendment and Genetic Privacy, 100 Northwestern U. L. Rev. 857 (Winter 2006)
(http: //www.law.northwestern.edu/lawreview/v100/n2/857/LR100n2Joh.pdf).

Lisa Kreeger, Preparing for Defense Experts, The Silent Witness, Vol. 7, No. 2 (2002)
(http://www.ndaa- apri.org/publications/newsletters/silent_witness_volume_7_number_2_2002.html).

Lisa R. Kreeger & Danielle M. Weiss, DNA Evidence Policy Considerations for the Prosecutor, American Prosecutors Research Institute, Sept. 2004
(http://www.ndaa- apri.org/pdf/dna_evidence_policy_considerations_2004.pdf).

Lisa R. Kreeger & Danielle M. Weiss, Forensic DNA Fundamentals for the Prosecutor—Be Not Afraid, American Prosecutors Research Institute, Nov. 2003
(http://www.ndaa- apri.org/pdf/forensic_dna_fundamentals.pdf).

Seth F. Kreimer & David Rudovsky, Double Helix, Double Bind: Factual Innocence and Postconviction DNA Testing, 151 U. Pa. L. REV. 547 (2002)
(http://www.law.upenn.edu/cf/faculty/drudovsk/workingpapers/151 U Pa L Rev 547 (2002).pdf).

Charles I. Lugosi, Punishing the Factually Innocent: DNA, Habeas Corpus and Justice, 12 Geo. Mason U. Civ. Rts. L.J. 233 (Spring 2002)
(http://www.law.gmu.edu/gmucrlj /articles.php).

Kamrin T. MacKnight, The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR): The Second Generation of DNA Analysis Methods Takes the Stand, 20 Santa Clara Computer & High Tech. L.J. 95 (2003)
(http://www.scu.edu/techlaw).

Jennifer N. Mellon, Manufacturing Convictions: Why Defendants Are Entitled to the Data Underlying Forensic DNA Kits, 51 Duke L.J. 1097 (2001)
(http://www.law.duke.edu/shell/cite.pl? 51+Duke+L.+J.+1097).

Jennifer L. Mnookin, Fingerprint Evidence in an Age of DNA Profiling, 67 Brook L. Rev. 13 (2001)
(http://www.brooklaw.e du/students/journals/blr/blr67i.php).

Richard A. Nakashima, DNA Evidence in Criminal Trials: A Defense Attorney’s Primer, 74 Neb. L. Rev. 444 (1995)
(http://law.unl.edu/inside.asp? d=law-review).

National Commission on the Future of DNA Evidence, What Every Law Enforcement Officer Should Know About DNA Evidence, National Institute of Justice, BC000614, 1999
(http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffi les1/nij/bc000614.pdf).

National Commission on the Future of DNA Evidence & Office for Victims of Crime, Understanding DNA Evidence: A Guide for Victim Service Providers, National Institute of Justice, BC000657, 2001
(http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffi les1/nij/bc000657.pdf).

National Institute of Justice, DNA in Minor Crimes Yields Major Benefits in Public Safety, In Short: Toward Criminal Justice Solutions, NCJ207203, Nov. 2004
(http://www.dna.gov/rawmedia_repository/53a90145_7cc8_4988_b366_b04b0be10880).

National Institute of Justice, DNA's Link to Corrections, Corrections Today, Vol. 66, No. 5 (August 2004)
(http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles 1/nij/08_04.pdf).

Juliana C. Russo & Julie Park, The Constitutionality of Forensic DNA Databanks: An Overview of State Court 4th Amendment Cases, ASMLE Report, 2005
(http://www.aslme.org/ dna_04/reports/russo_update.pdf).

Greg W. Steadman, Survey of DNA Crime Laboratories, 2001, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ 191191, January 2002
(http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov /bjs/pub/pdf/sdnacl01.pdf).

Charles M. Strom, Genetic Justice: A Lawyer’s Guide to the Science of DNA Testing, 87 Ill. B.J. 18 (1999)
(http://www.isba.org/IBJ/jan99lj/to c.htm).

Franco Taroni, Silvia Bozza, Magali Bernard & Christophe Champod, Value of DNA Tests: A Decision Perspective, 52 J. Forensic Sci. 31 (January 2007)
(http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/toc/jfo/52/1).

William C. Thompson, Simon Ford, Travis Doom, Michael Raymer & Dan E. Krane, Evaluating Forensic DNA Evidence: Essential Elements of a Competent Defense Review, The Champion, April 2003, at 16
(http://www.nacdl.org/public.nsf/$$searchChampion).

William C. Thompson, Simon Ford, Travis Doom, Michael Raymer & Dan E. Krane, Evaluating Forensic DNA Evidence, Part 2, The Champion, May 2003, at 24
(http://www.nacdl.org/public.nsf/$$searchChampion).

William C. Thompson, Tarnish On The 'Gold Standard': Recent Problems In Forensic DNA Testing, The Champion, January/February 2006, at 10
(http://www.nacdl.org/public.nsf/$$searchChampion).

David Winickoff & Julie Park, The Constitutionality of Forensic DNA Databanks: Fourth Amendment Issues, ASMLE Report, 2005
(http://www.aslme. org/dna_04/reports/winickoff_update.pdf).

Jay A. Zollinger, Defense Access to State-Funded DNA Experts: Considerations of Due Process, 85 Cal. L. Rev. 1803 (December 1997)
(http://w ww.law.berkeley.edu/journals/clr/library/zollinger01.html).


Books

David J. Balding, Weight-of-Evidence for Forensic DNA Profiles (Wiley, 2005) (http://www.wiley.com).

John S. Buckleton, Christopher M. Triggs, & Simon J. Walsh, Forensic DNA Evidence Interpretation (CRC Press, 2004) (http://www.crcpress.com).

John M. Butler, Forensic DNA Typing: Biology, Technology and Genetics of STR Markers, Second Edition (Elsevier Academic Press, 2005) (http://books.elsevier.com).

Lawrence Kobilinsky, Thomas Liotti, & Jamel L. Oeser-Sweat, DNA: Forensic and Legal Applications (Wiley, 2004) (http://www.wiley.com).

Henry Lee & Frank Tirnady, Blood Evidence: How DNA is Revolutionizing the Way We Solve Crimes (Basic Books, 2003) (http://www.perseusbooksgroup.com/ba sic).

Norah Rudin & Keith Inman, An Introduction to Forensic DNA Analysis, Second Edition (CRC Press, 2001) (http://www.crcpress.com).


Resources for Cases and Legislation

American Prosecutors Research Institute – DNA Forensics Program, DNA Case Law (http://www.ndaa- apri.org/apri/programs/dna/case_law.html).

American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Survey of DNA Database Statutes and Survey of Post-Conviction DNA Testing Statutes (http://www.aslme.org/dna_04/gri d/index.php).

National Clearinghouse for Science, Technology & the Law at Stetson University College of Law – Searchable Database (http://www.ncstl.org/search).

National Conference of State Legislatures – DNA in Criminal Justice (http://www.ncsl.org/programs/cj/dn a.htm):

Post-Conviction DNA Motions (January 2007) (http://www.ncsl.org/pro grams/cj/postconviction.htm).

State and Federal Court Challenges to the Constitutionality of DNA Databases (June 2003) (http://www.nc sl.org/programs/health/genetics/DNADatabase.htm).

State Laws on DNA Data Banks: Qualifying Offenses, Others Who Must Provide Sample (September 2007) (http://www.ncsl.org/progr ams/cj/dnadatabanks.htm).

State Legislation on Statute of Limitations for Sexual Assaults (April 2007) (http://www.ncsl.org/progr ams/cj/includingdna.htm).

State Statutes Regarding Admissibility of DNA Evidence (1999) (http://www.ncsl .org/programs/health/genetics/DNAadmiss.htm).

The President's DNA Initiative: Advancing Justice Through DNA Technology (http://www.dna.gov).