Education & Training

Recommended Practices in Reporting Forensic Science Results

Articles & Guidelines | Books/Book Chapters



Articles & Guidelines

Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technology (SWGIT), Best Practices for Archiving Digital and Multimedia Evidence in the Criminal Justice System, Forensic Science Communications, vol. 10 (Apr. 2008).

Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technology (SWGIT), Best Practices for Image Authentication, Forensic Science Communications, vol. 10 (Apr. 2008).

Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technology (SWGIT), Best Practices for Maintaining the Integrity of Digital Images and Digital Video, Forensic Science Communications, vol. 10 (Apr. 2008).

Scientific Working Group for Firearms and Toolmarks (SWGGUN), Guidelines: Criteria for Identification (Apr. 2008).

Scientific Working Group for Firearms and Toolmarks (SWGGUN), Guidelines for the Standardization of Comparison Documentation (Apr. 2008).

Scientific Working Group on Bloodstain Pattern Analysis (SWGSTAIN), Scientific Working Group on Bloodstain Pattern Analysis: Topics to Consider in Preparation for an Admissibility Hearing on Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, Forensic Science Communications, vol. 10 (Jan. 2008).

Richard E. Bisbing, Letter, Forensic Hair Comparisons: Guidelines, Standards, Protocols, Quality Assurance and Enforcement, Second Meeting of the Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Science Community, National Academy of Sciences, Apr. 23-24, 2007.

Joseph Bono,
Presentation, Standards for Drug Analysis and Identification, Second Meeting of the Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Science Community, National Academy of Sciences, Apr. 23-24, 2007.

Gregory Klees, Presentation, Practice and Standards of the Scientific Working Group for Firearms and Toolmarks, Second Meeting of the Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Science Community, National Academy of Sciences, Apr. 23-24, 2007.

Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technology (SWGIT), Best Practices for Practitioners of Forensic Image Analysis (Jan. 2007).

Joseph Almog, Forensic Science Does Not Start in the Lab: The Concept of Diagnostic Field Tests, 51 Journal of Forensic Sciences 1228 (Nov. 2006) (DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00256.x).

Scientific Working Group for Firearms and Toolmarks (SWGGUN), Guidelines for Trigger Pull Analysis (Nov. 2006).

Scientific Working Group on Dogs and Orthogonal Detection Guidelines (SWGDOG), Scientific Working Group on Dogs and Orthogonal Detection Guidelines: General Guidelines for Training, Certification, Maintenance, and Documentation, Forensic Science Communications, vol. 8 (Oct. 2006).

Scientific/Technical Working Group for Fire and Explosions, Fire Laboratory Standards and Protocols Committee, Quality Assurance Guide for the Forensic Analysis of Ignitable Liquids, Forensic Science Communications, vol. 8 (Apr. 2006).

Scientific Working Group on Shoeprint and Tire Tread Evidence (SWGTREAD), Guide for the Forensic Documentation and Photography of Footwear and Tire Impressions at the Crime Scene (Mar. 2006).

Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technology (SWGIT), Recommendations and Guidelines for the Use of Digital Image Processing in the Criminal Justice System (Jan. 2006).

Scientific Working Group on Materials Analysis (SWGMAT), Forensic Human Hair Examination Guidelines, Forensic Science Communications, vol. 7 (Apr. 2005).

Scientific Working Group on Shoeprint and Tire Tread Evidence (SWGTREAD), Guide for the Collection of Footwear and Tire Impressions in the Field, 55 Journal of Forensic Identification 770 (Mar. 2005).

Scientific Working Group on Shoeprint and Tire Tread Evidence (SWGTREAD), Guide for the Collection of Footwear and Tire Impressions in the Laboratory, 55 Journal of Forensic Identification 778 (Mar. 2005).

Scientific Working Group on Shoeprint and Tire Tread Evidence (SWGTREAD), Guide for the Preparation of Test Impressions Form Footwear and Tires, 55 Journal of Forensic Identification 786 (Mar. 2005).

Scientific Working Group on Forensic Analysis of Chemical Terrorism (SWGFACT), Quality Assurance Guidelines for Laboratories Performing Forensic Analysis of Chemical Terrorism, Forensic Science Communications, vol. 6 (Apr. 2004).

Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technology (SWGIT), Best Practices for Documenting Image Enhancement, (Mar. 2004).

Scientific Working Group on Microbial Genetics and Forensics (SWGMGF), Quality Assurance Guidelines for Laboratories Performing Microbial Forensic Work, Forensic Science Communications, vol. 5 (Oct. 2003).

Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technology (SWGIT), General Guidelines for Photographing Footwear Impressions (June 2003).

Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technology (SWGIT), Recommendations and Guidelines for the Use of Forensic Video Processing in the Criminal Justice System (June 2003).

Stephen J. Lalley, What Tests Are Acceptable for Use in Forensic Evaluations? A Survey of Experts, 34 Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 491 (May 2003) (DOI: 10.1037/0735-7028.34.5.491).

Scientific Working Group on Friction Ridge Analysis, Study and Technology (SWGFAST), Friction Ridge Digital Imaging Guidelines (Aug. 2002).

Scientific Working Group on Friction Ridge Analysis, Study and Technology (SWGFAST), Friction Ridge Examination Methodology for Latent Print Examiners (Aug. 2002).

Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technology (SWGIT), General Guidelines for Capturing Latent Impressions Using a Digital Camera (Dec. 2001).

Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technology (SWGIT), Guidelines for Field Applications of Imaging Technologies in the Criminal Justice System (Dec. 2001).

Scientific Working Group on Imaging Technology (SWGIT), Guidelines and Recommendations for Training in Imaging Technologies in the Criminal Justice System (Dec. 2001).

Scientific Working Group for Forensic Document Examination (SWGDOC), Guidelines for Forensic Document Examination, Forensic Science Communications, vol. 2 (Apr. 2000).

Scientific Working Group on Materials Analysis (SWGMAT), Evidence Committee, Trace Evidence Recovery Guidelines, Forensic Science Communications, vol. 1 (Oct. 1999).


Books/Book Chapters

Federal Bureau of Investigation, Handbook of Forensic Services (2007).

SWGDRUG, Scientific Working Group for the Analysis of Seized Drugs (SWGDRUG) Recommendations (Aug. 2007).

David Ellen, The Materials of Handwritten Documents: Substances and Techniques, in Scientific Examination of Documents: Methods and Techniques, 3rd Ed. (CRC Press Sept. 2005).

David Ellen, Printed and Photocopied Document Examination, in Scientific Examination of Documents: Methods and Techniques, 3rd Ed. (CRC Press Sept. 2005).

Alam M. Goldstein, ed., Part Two: Forensic Assessment Methodology, in Forensic Psychology: Emerging Topics and Expanding Roles (Wiley Aug. 2006).

Kristin Little, A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations Adults/Adolescents (U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women Sept. 2004).

Technical Working Group for Education & Training in Forensic Science (TWGED), Education and Training in Forensic Science: A Guide for Forensic Science Laboratories, Educational Institutions, and Students (NIJ Special Report June 2004).

Federal Bureau of Investigation Laboratory Division, Processing Guide for Developing Latent Prints (Jan. 2001).

Crime-Scene Investigation and Examination, in Jay A. Siegel, Geoffrey C. Knupfer & Pekka J. Saukko, eds., Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences (Academic Press Aug. 2000).

Fingerprints. Crime-Scene Investigation and Examination, in Jay A. Siegel, Geoffrey C. Knupfer & Pekka J. Saukko, Eds.,
Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences (Academic Press Aug. 2000).

Recording. Crime-Scene Investigation and Examination, in Jay A. Siegel, Geoffrey C. Knupfer & Pekka J. Saukko, Eds., Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences (Academic Press Aug. 2000).

Recovery. Crime-Scene Investigation, in Jay A. Siegel, Geoffrey C. Knupfer & Pekka J. Saukko, Eds., Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences (Academic Press Aug. 2000).