Education & Training

Intra/Interstate Tracking of Sexual Predators (1)
DUI Standards – Toxicology & Behavioral Models (9)
Presenting Forensic Evidence in Court & the Use of Technology in the Courtroom (12)
Identity Theft: A Bibliography of Federal, State, Consumer and News Resources (16)
Warren Jeffs Case (34)
Forensic Psychology (38)
Science, Law & Law Enforcement of Methamphetamine (41)
Biogeographical Ancestry Prediction Based on DNA (SNPs) for Investigative Leads (44)
Legal Update on Consideration of Fingerprint Evidence (47)
Weird Science & Faux-n-sics (51)
Less Lethal Force (56)
Forensic Evidence Case Law Developments (59)
Technology, Research & Education (64)
Science & Law Journals

Joseph A. Aluise, Evidence of Prior Sexual Misconduct in Sexual Assault and Child Molestation Proceedings: Did Congress Err in Passing Federal Rules of Evidence 413, 414 And 415?, 14 J. L. & POL. 153 (1998) (

James A. Billings & Crystal L. Bulges, Maine's Sex Offender Registration And Notification Act: Wise Or Wicked?, 52 ME. L. REV. 175 (2000) (

J. Richard Broughton, On Horror's Head Horrors Accumulate: A Reflective Comment On Capital Child Rape Legislation, 39 Duq. L. Rev. 1 (2000) (

Catherine L. Carpenter, The Constitutionality of Strict Liability in Sex Offender Registration Laws, 86 B.U. L. REV. 295 (Apr. 2006) (

Joan Comparet-Cassani, A Primer on the Civil Trial of a Sexually Violent Predator, 37 SAN DIEGO L. REV. 1057 (2000) (

John Daugman, How Iris Recognition Works, 14 IEEE TRANS. CIRCUITS SYSTEMS VIDEO TECH. 21 (2004) (

Joanna C. Enstice, Remembering the Victims of Sexual Abuse: The Treatment of Juvenile Sex Offenders in In re J.W., 35 LOY. U. CHI. L.J. 941 (2004) (

Brian M. Epstein, Megan's Law: How Should The State Of Massachusetts Apply Its Sex Offender Registry Laws In Light Of Other Jurisdictions, 28 NEW ENG. J. ON CRIM. & CIV. CONFINEMENT 247 (2002) (

Katie Granlund, Does Societal Input Lead To Successful Sex Offender Legislation?, 29 LAW & PSYCH. REV. 197 (2005) (

Eric S. Janus, Closing Pandora's Box: Sexual Predators and the Politics of Sexual Violence in Symposium: Managing Sex Offender Risk, Conditional Release, and Community Treatment, 34 SETON HALL L. REV. 1233 (2004) (

Carol L. Kunz, Toward Dispassionate, Effective Control Of Sexual Offenders, 47 AM. U. L. REV. 453 (1997) (

John Q. La Fond & Bruce J. Winick, Sex Offender Reentry Courts: A Cost Effective Proposal for Managing Sex Offender Risk in the Community, 989 ANNALS N.Y. ACAD. SCI. 300 (2003) (

Wayne A. Logan, Liberty Interests In the Preventive State: Procedural Due Process And Sex Offender Community Notification Laws, 89 J. CRIM. L. & CRIMINOLOGY 1167 (1999) (

Wayne A. Logan, Sex Offender Registration and Community Notification: Emerging Legal and Research Issues, 989 ANNALS N.Y. ACAD. SCI. 337 (2003) (

Mona Lynch, Pedophiles and Cyber-Predators As Contaminating Forces: The Language Of Disgust, Pollution, and Boundary Invasions In Federal Debates On Sex Offender Legislation, 27 LAW & SOC. INQUIRY 529 (2002) (

Stephen R. McAllister, The Constitutionality Of Kansas Laws Targeting Sex Offenders, 36 WASHBURN L.J. 419 (1997) (

M. Megan McCune, Virtual Lollipops and Lost Puppies: How Far Can States Go to Protect Minors Through the Use of Internet Luring Laws, 14 COMMLAW CONSPECTUS 503 (2006) (

Stephen J. Morse, Fear of Danger, Flight From Culpability, 4 PSYCH. PUB. POL'Y & L. 250 (1998) (

Lori A. Polonchak, Surprise! You Just Moved Next to a Sexual Predator: The Duty of Residential Sellers and Real Estate Brokers to Disclose the Presence of Sexual Predators to Prospective Purchasers, 102 DICK. L. REV. 169 (1997) (

David K. Ries, Duty-To-Protect Claims by Inmates after the Prison Rape Elimination Act, 13 J. L. & POL'Y 915 (2005) (

Laura M. Rojas, Getting Tough on Homeless Sex Offenders: Is the New Legislation a Hysterical Response or a Necessary Precaution?, 29 MCGEORGE L. REV. 500 (1998)(

Christopher Slobogin, A Jurisprudence of Dangerousness, 98 NW. U. L. REV. 1 (2003) (

Debra Todd, Sentencing Of Adult Offenders In Cases Involving Sexual Abuse Of Children: Too Little, Too Late? A View from the Pennsylvania Bench, 109 PENN ST. L. REV. 487 (2004) (

Newspapers, Magazines & Periodicals

Attorney General's Office Secures Grant To Fight Child Internet Crimes, SAN ANTONIO BUS. J., May 18, 2006 (

Diane Cardwell, New York State Draws Nearer to Collecting DNA in All Crimes, Big and Small, N.Y. TIMES, May 4, 2006 at B1 (

Brian Chasnoff, Sex Predators Now Feel Fear of Hunted, SAN ANTONIO EXPRESS-NEWS, May 15, 2006, at 1A (

Press Release, Kristin Cleveland, IAC Announces 'Top 5' Excellence.Gov Award Winners For 2006 (American Council for Technology (ACT) & Industry Advisory Council (IAC), February 15, 2006) (announced the National Sex Offender Public Registry (NSOPR) as one of the top five federal agency programs) (

Robert Crowe, Cyber Crime Sting Leads To 4 Arrests, HOUSTON CHRON., July 26, 2006, at B4 (

Ria David, Change DNA Rules, PITTSBURGH POST-GAZETTE, May 9, 2006, at B6 (

DNA Power: For Crimes In Which It Can Be Used, DNA Evidence Is A Strong Tool; Two Stories Nationwide, Reported On The Same Day, Back That Up, FORT WORTH STAR-TELEGRAM, June 10, 2006, at B14 (

Editorial: New York State Nearing Approval of More Comprehensive DNA Collection, ALLENTOWN MORNING CALL, May 8, 2006, at A8 (

Jay Gorania, Attorney General Comes To Odessa For Town Hall Meeting On Cyber Crimes: Officials Offer Tips For Parents To Keep Kids Safe, ODESSA AMERICAN, April 13, 2006 (

Tim Grant, Orie: Make Cyber Bullying A Crime In State, PITTSBURGH POST-GAZETTE, June 27, 2006, at B1 (

Cindy Horswell, Internet Use May Point Police to Missing Teens, HOUSTON CHRON., July 26, 2006, at B3 (

Press Release, Sheila Jerusalem, Office of Justice Programs, All 50 States Linked to Department of Justice National Sex Offender Public Registry Web Site (July 3, 2006)(

Jennifer Leahy, Protecting Our Kids Lurking In Cyberspace Cyber Crime Investigator Warns Parents To Monitor Children's Online Activities, HOUSTON CHRON., April 27, 2006, at 1 (

Man Arrested In Internet Child Sex Sting, SAN ANTONIO EXPRESS-NEWS, May 13, 2006, at B02 (

Dave Montgomery, Lawmakers Target Internet Pedophiles, FT. WORTH STAR-TELEGRAM, July 12, 2006, at A5 (

Corilyn Shropshire, Researchers Work To Thwart Cleverer Cyber Scammers, PITTSBURGH POST-GAZETTE, July 12, 2006, at E1 (

Kathleen Brady Shea, Lab Turns to Cyberspace to Solve Crimes, THE PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER, July 7, 2006, at B1 (

'Safe Child' Cards Offered, POST STANDARD, April 27, 2006, at B2 (

Randolph E. Schmid, Solving Crime With A Relative's DNA: Researchers Say Screen For Close Matches Among Family Members Could Lead Police To A Criminal Through A Relative, ALBANY TIMES UNION, May 12, 2006 at A7 (

Gerald J. Turetsky, Pros and Cons of DNA Collection, N.Y. TIMES, April 16, 2006, at 11 (

Using Family DNA 'Prints' To Solve Crimes, NEWSDAY, May 11, 2006 at A36 (

Lynn Waddell & Arian Campo-Flores, Iris Scans: Keeping an Eye on Sex Offenders, NEWSWEEK, July 24, 2006, at 8 (

Nicholas Wade, Wider Use of DNA Lists is Urged in Fighting Crime, N.Y. TIMES, May 12, 2006, at A28 (

Lauren Weber, Two Measures Of Relief Advocates For Crime Victims Applaud Albany Action On DNA Databank And Rape Statute Of Limitations, NEWSDAY, June 22, 2006, at A8 (

Rick Weiss, Study Suggests Expanding DNA Tests Will Clear More Crimes Civil Libertarians Raise Alarms About Criminals' Families Being Searched, HOUSTON CHRON., May 14, 2006, at A4 (

Rick Weiss, Vast DNA Databank Pits Policing Against Privacy, PITTSBURGH POST-GAZETTE, June 4, 2006, at A7 (

Toni Whitt, Manhattan: More Investigative Teams for Hospitals, N.Y. TIMES, April 19, 2006, at B7 (

Richard Willing, Officials Increase DNA Profiles Collections Made Before Convictions, USA TODAY, May 1, 2006, at 1A (

Books & Reports

Georgia F. Cumming & Robert J. McGrath, SUPERVISION OF THE SEX OFFENDER: COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT, RISK ASSESSMENT & TREATMENT (2d ed., American Probation & Parole Association 2005) (




Roxanne Lieb & Kathy Gookin, INVOLUNTARY COMMITMENT OF SEXUALLY VIOLENT PREDATORS: COMPARING STATE LAWS (Washington State Institute for Public Policy 2005) (

Roxanne Lieb & Scott Matson, SEXUAL PREDATOR COMMITMENT LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES: 1998 UPDATE (Washington State Institute for Public Policy 1998) (

MANAGING ADULT SEX OFFENDERS: A CONTAINMENT APPROACH (Kim English, Suzanne Pullen, & Linda Jones, eds., American Probation & Parole Association 1996) (

Scott Matson, SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION: NATIONAL REQUIREMENTS AND STATE REGISTRIES (Washington State Institute for Public Policy 1996) (

Scott Matson & Roxanne Lieb, SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION: A REVIEW OF STATE LAWS (Washington State Institute for Public Policy 1996)(

PROTECTING SOCIETY FROM SEXUALLY DANGEROUS OFFENDERS : LAW, JUSTICE, AND THERAPY (Bruce J. Winick & John Q. La Fond, eds., American Psychological Association 2003) (


Donna Schram & Cheryl Milloy, SEXUALLY VIOLENT PREDATORS AND CIVIL COMMITMENT (Washington State Institute for Public Policy 1998)
STALKING: PSYCHOLOGY, RISK FACTORS, INTERVENTIONS, AND LAW (Mary P. Brewster, ed., Civic Research Institute 2003) (

Karen J. Terry & John S. Furlong, SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION AND COMMUNITY NOTIFICATION: A "MEGAN'S LAW" SOURCEBOOK (2d ed., Civic Research Institute 2006) (

SEX OFFENDER LAW REPORT (Karen Terry, ed., Civic Research Institute, ongoing newsletter) (

THE SEX OFFENDER (Barbara K. Schwartz, ed., Civic Research Institute 2005) (

THE SEXUAL PREDATOR (Anita Schlank, ed., Civic Research Institute 2006) (




COMPREHENSIVE APPROACHES TO SEX OFFENDER MANAGEMENT (CASOM) DISCRETIONARY GRANT PROGRAM, (Authorized under 42 U.S.C. § 13941), Center for Sex Offender Management's (CSOM), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice (

News 10 Now, Proposal for Better Tracking Sexual Predators, (News 10 Now cable broadcast Sept. 9, 2006) (

FBI Database, 42 U.S.C. §14071 (2004) ( (

Nancy Grace, Young People Subjected to Sexual Predators (CNN television broadcast May 3, 2006) (

INMATE RECOGNITION AND IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (IRIS), BI2 Technologies- Biometric Intelligence and Identification Technologies (

INTERNET CRIMES AGAINST CHILDREN, Office for Victims of Crime, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice (

INTERNET CRIMES AGAINST CHILDREN TASK FORCE PROGRAM, Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice (

Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Program, 42 U.S.C. §14071 (2004) ( (

NATIONAL CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE RESOURCE CENTER (NCIRC), U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Assistance (


NATIONAL SEX OFFENDER REGISTRY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (NSOR-AP), U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics (

REGIONAL INFORMATION SHARING SYSTEMS (RISS) PROGRAM, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Assistance (

SERIOUS AND VIOLENT OFFENDER REENTRY INITIATIVE, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice ( (

Pending Federal Legislation:

Carlie's Law, H.R. 3107, 109th Cong. (2005) (

DNA Fingerprinting Act of 2005, H.R. 2796, 109th Cong. (

Dru Sjodin National Sex Offender Public Database Act of 2005, H.R. 95, 109th Cong. (

Jessica Lunsford Act, H.R. 1505, 109th Cong. (2005) (

Jessica Lunsford and Sarah Lunde Act H.R. 3407 (2005) (

Prevention and Deterrence of Crimes Against Children Act of 2005, H.R. 2388, 109th Cong. (

Protection Against Sexual Exploitation of Children Act of 2005, H.R. 2318, 109th Cong. (

Protecting Our Children from Sexual Predators Act of 2005, H.R. 3772, 109th Cong. (

Safe Children Safe Communities Act, H.R. 2659, 109th Cong. (2005) (

Safe NOW Act of 2006, H.R. 4815, 109th Cong. (

Save Our Children: Stop the Violent Predators Against Children DNA Act of 2005, H.R. 244, 109th Cong. (

Securing America’s Future through Enforcement Reform Act of 2005, H.R. 688, 109th Cong. (

Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act, H.R. 2423, 109th Cong. (2005) (, H.R. 4905 (2006) (

Sexual Predator Sentencing Act, H.R. 2942, 109th Cong. (2005) (

Sexual Predator Effective Monitoring Act of 2005, H.R. 3382, 109th Cong. (2005) (


HANDBOOK OF WORKPLACE DRUG TESTING (Liu RH & Bruce Goldberger, eds., AACC Press 1995) (

ON-SITE DRUG TESTING (Jenkins AJ & Bruce Goldberger, eds., Humana Press, Inc. 2002) (

Lawrence Taylor & Steven Oberman, DRUNK DRIVING DEFENSE (Aspen Publishers, 6th ed. 2005) (

S. Kerrigan & Bruce Goldberger, Opioids, in PRINCIPLES OF FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY (Barry Levine, ed., AACC Press 1999) (

S. Kerrigan & Bruce Goldberger, Drugs of Abuse - Body Fluids, in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF FORENSIC SCIENCES (Jay A. Siegel, Geoffrey C. Knupfer & Pekka J. Saukko, eds., Academic Press 2000) (

Y. H. Caplan & Bruce Goldberger, Blood, Urine and Other Fluid and Tissue Specimens for Alcohol Analyses, in MEDICAL-LEGAL ASPECT OF ALCOHOL (James C. Garriott, ed., 4th ed., Lawyers & Judges Publishing Co.) (

Law Review/Science Journal Articles

R. A. Murray, P. L. Doering, L. A. Boothby, M. L. Merves, R. R. McCusker, C. W. Chronister & Bruce Goldberger: Putting an Ecstasy Test Kit to the Test – Harm Reduction or Harm Induction? 23 PHARMACOTHERAPY 1238 (2003) (

Bruce Goldberger & Y. H. Caplan, Infrared Quantitative Evidential Breath-Alcohol Analyzers: In Vitro Accuracy and Precision Studies, 31 J. FORENSIC SCI. 16 (1986) (

Bruce Goldberger, Y. H. Caplan & J. R. Zettl, A Long-Term Field Experience with Breath Ethanol Collection Employing Silica Gel, 10 J. ANALYTICAL TOXICOLOGY 194 (1986) (

Bruce Goldberger & Y. H. Caplan, In Vitro Accuracy and Precision Studies Comparing Direct and Delayed Analysis of the Ethanol Content of Vapor, 32 J. FORENSIC SCI. 48 (1987) ( or at PubMed (

A.W. Jones, L. Hylén, E. Svensson & A. Helander, Storage of Specimens at 4°C or Addition of Sodium Fluoride (1%) Prevents Formation of Ethanol in Urine Inoculated with Candida Albicans, 23 J. ANALYTICAL TOXICOLOGY 333 (1999) (

Bruce Goldberger, E. J. Cone & L. Kadehjian, Letter to the Editor, Unsuspected Ethanol Ingestion through Soft Drinks and Flavored Beverages, 20 J. ANALYTICAL TOXICOLOGY 332 (1996) (

Kimberly S. Keller, Sobering Up Daubert: Recent Issues Arising in Alcohol-Related Expert Testimony, 46 S. TEX. L. REV. 111-135 (2004) (

Rick M. Grams, Walking the Line of Admissibility: Why Maryland Courts Should Reexamine the Admissibility of Field Sobriety Tests, 34 U. BALT. L. REV. 365-388 (2005) (


David Sobel, A New Tool for Better DUI/DWI Offense Reports, BETWEEN THE LINES (Nat’l Am. Prosecutors Research Inst. Nat’l Traffic Law Ctr., Alexandria, Va.), Fall 2005 at Vol. 14, No. 3 (

Kimberly N. Overton, NHTSA’s Prioritizing of Prosecutors: TSRP, What Does it Mean and How Can It Help You? (Stop, Look and Listen: Prosecutors at the Crash Scene), BETWEEN THE LINES (Nat’l Am. Prosecutors Research Inst. Nat’l Traffic Law Ctr., Alexandria, Va.), 2005, at Vol. 14, No. 1 (

David Wallace, Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws, Should We?, BETWEEN THE LINES (Nat’l Am. Prosecutors Research Inst. Nat’l Traffic Law Ctr., Alexandria, Va.), Winter 2005, at Vol. 14, No. 4 (

Update on Drug-Impaired Driving, BETWEEN THE LINES (Nat’l Am. Prosecutors Research Inst. Nat’l Traffic Law Ctr., Alexandria, Va.), 2004, at Vol. 13, No. 2 (

Mark Neil, Low Manpower Sobriety Checkpoints in Rural and Small Communities, BETWEEN THE LINES (Nat’l Am. Prosecutors Research Inst. Nat’l Traffic Law Ctr., Alexandria, Va.), Spring 2006, at Vol. 15, No. 1 (


Thomas E. Page, THE DRUG RECOGNITION EXPERT (DRE) RESPONSE TO THE DRUG IMPAIRED DRIVER: AN OVERVIEW OF THE DRE PROGRAM, OFFICER, AND PROCEDURES (Article posted on: Los Angeles Drug Recognition Expert ( & Am. Prosecutors Research Inst. (APRI) (http://www.ndaa- )

ENHANCED BAC VS. STANDARD PENALTIES (Report by: Natl. Traffic Law Ctr., Am. Prosecutors Research Inst. (APRI), April 2006) (

Sarah Kerrigan, DRUG TOXICOLOGY FOR PROSECUTORS: TARGETING HARDCORE IMPAIRED DRIVERS (Report by: Natl. Traffic Law Ctr., Am. Prosecutors Research Inst. (APRI) 2004) (


EFFECTIVE USE OF COURTROOM TECHNOLOGY: A JUDGE'S GUIDE TO PRETRIAL AND TRIAL (Federal Judicial Center and National Institute for Trial Advocacy 2001) ($file/CTtech00.pdf or!openform&url=/library/fjc_catalog.nsf/DPublication!openform&parentunid=C6BF0CEF2D1F7B4985256CA30068D356)

Michael V. Ciresi, David W. Beehler, & Cole M. Fauver, Use of Electronic Courtroom Technology, in PATENT LITIGATION (Practicing Law Institute 2006) (

Timothy J. Malloy, Stephen F. Sherry and Jennifer E. Lacroix, Creating Demonstrative Exhibits and Videos, in PATENT LITIGATION (Practicing Law Institute 2005) (

Law Reviews and Periodicals

Gordon Bermant, The Development and Significance of Courtroom Technology: A Thirty-Year Perspective in Fast Forward Mode, 60 N.Y.U. ANN. SURV. AM. L. 621 (2005) (

Alan Blakley, Making the Most of Technology, 52 FED. LAW. 14 (Aug. 2005) (

Jason Borenstein, DNA in the Legal System: The Benefits Are Clear, the Problems Aren't Always, 3 CARDOZO PUB. L. POL'Y & ETHICS J. 847 (Jan. 2006) (

Julian Borkowski, Court Technology in Canada, 12 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 681 (Apr. 2004) (

Stephen Breaux, Forensic Animation: Admissibility & Applications, THE BRIEF, Summer 2002, at 26 (

Gail M. Cookson & Carole Longendyke, Data Forensics, MD. B.J., Jan./Feb. 2006, at 66 (

Halston T. Davis, Less Paper for Lawyers Is Profitable Technology, COLO. LAW., Aug. 2003, at 43 (

Sally Spears Dischinger & Lyle A. Wallace, Geographic Information Systems: Coming to a Courtroom Near You, COLO. LAW., Apr. 2005, at 11 (

Kim Dunning, Where Have All the Selectrics Gone?, ORANGE COUNTY LAW., July 2006, at 14 (

Stan Gibson, Evolving Courtroom Technology, GPSOLO, June 2006, at 30 (

Iria Giuffrida, Legal, Practical and Ethical Implications of the Use of Technology in European Courtrooms, 12 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 745 (Apr. 2004) (

Katherine A. Godden, Cartoon Criminals: The Unclear Future of Computer Animation in the Minnesota Criminal Courtroom—State v. Stewart, 30 WM. MITCHELL L. REV. 355 (2003) (

Sam Guiberson, Digital Media as Evidence and Evidence as Media, CRIM. JUST., Spring 2004, at 57 (

Janis Graham Jack, Federal District Courts Go High-Tech, TEX. B.J., July 2005, at 571 (

Orin S. Kerr, Searches and Seizures in a Digital World, 119 HARV. L. REV. 531 (Dec. 2005) (

Randall M. Kessler, One Lawyer's Journey to Outfit His Firm with the Best Family Law Gadgets and Gizmos, FAM. ADVOC., Winter 2006, at 26 (

Garrett E. Land, Judicial Assessment or Judicial Notice? An Evaluation of the Admissibility Standards for DNA Evidence and Proposed Solutions to Repress the Current Efforts to Expand Forensic DNA Capabilities, 9 J. MED. & L. 95 (Winter 2005) (

Fredric I. Lederer, High-Tech Trial Lawyers and the Court: Responsibilities, Problems, and Opportunities, FED. LAW., Aug. 2005, at 41 (

Fredric I. Lederer, Technology-Augmented Courtrooms: Progress Amid a Few Complications, or the Problematic Interrelationship Between Court and Counsel, 60 N.Y.U. ANN. SURV. AM. L. 675 (2005) (

Fredric I. Lederer, Courtroom Technology: For Trial Lawyers, the Future Is Now, CRIM. JUST., Spring 2004, at 14 (

Paul H. Luehr, Real Evidence, Virtual Crimes: The Role of Computer Forensic Experts, CRIM. JUST., Fall 2005, at 14 ( (also available at

Ros Macdonald & Anne Wallace, Review of the Extent of Courtroom Technology in Australia, 12 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 649 (Apr. 2004) (

Richard L. Marcus, E-Discovery & Beyond: Toward Brave New World or 1984?, 25 REV. LITIG. 633 (2006) (

Steven C. Marks, The Admissibility and Use of Demonstrative Aids, THE BRIEF 24, Summer 2003, at 24 (

Monica M. Marquez, Admissibility of Computer-Generated Animations as Demonstrative Evidence, COLO. LAW., Jan. 2002, at 89 (

Eugenio Mollo, Jr., The Expansion of Video Conferencing Technology in Immigration Proceedings and Its Impact on Venue Provisions, Interpretation Rights, and the Mexican Immigrant Community, 9 J. GENDER RACE & JUST. 689 (Spring 2006) (

Laura W. Morgan, Gotcha! Finding the Stuff You Just Know They're Hiding, FAM. ADVOC., Winter 2006, at 10 (

Sharon Nelson & John Simek, Three Strikes and You're Out: Judges Talk About Technology in the Courtroom, 31 LAW PRAC. 24 (July/Aug. 2005) (

Steve Seidenberg, Video, Schmideo: The Logistical Pros and Practical Cons of Videoconferencing, 5 A.B.A. J. E-REPORT 4 (June 2, 2006) (

Carmel Sileo, Ruling on Computer Evidence Animates Pennsylvania High Court, TRIAL, Aug. 2006, at 74 (

Christopher Slobogin, The Structure of Expertise in Criminal Cases, 34 SETON HALL L. REV. 105 (2003) (

John M. Spires, Testimonial or Nontestimonial? The Admissibility of Forensic Evidence After Crawford v. Washington, 94 KY. L.J. 187 (2005-06) (

Drury Stevenson, Forensic Linguistics: An Introduction to Language in the Justice System, by John Gibbons, 77 U. COLO. L. REV. 257 (Winter 2006) (book review) (

Elizabeth S. Strong, Technology Tools in the Classroom: How to Use Them, and How to Oppose Them, PRAC. LITIG., Jan. 2000, at 15 (

Mark Tamminga, Technology in Practice. What Works? Who Gets It? Who Is Peter Bensinger, Jr. Q&A, LAW PRAC., Jan./Feb. 2006, at 26 ( (also available at

Steven T. Taylor, Beyond the Corner Office: Law Office as Litigation "Production Studio", LAW PRAC., Jan./Feb. 2005, at 44 (

William A. Tobin & William C. Thompson, Evaluating and Challenging Forensic Identification Evidence, 30 CHAMPION 12 (July 2006) (

Shelley Watts, Technology Creates Winning Visual Evidence, 36 TRIAL 68 (Sept. 2000) (

Theresa A. Webster, The Creative Side of Law: Techniques and Advice for Creating Effective Trial Graphics, 80 MICH. B.J. 38 (Mar. 2001) (

Elan E. Weinreb, 'Counselor, Proceed with Caution': The Use of Integrated Evidence Presentation Systems and Computer-Generated Evidence in the Courtroom, 23 CARDOZO L. REV. 393 (Nov. 2001) (

Elizabeth C. Wiggins, What We Know and What We Need to Know About the Effects of Courtroom Technology, 12 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 731 (Apr. 2004) (

Lawrence J. Wolfe & Pen Volkmann, Trial Technology…Coming Soon to a Courtroom Near You, 27 WYO. LAW. 24 (Aug. 2004) (

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Identity Theft: A Bibliography of Federal, State, Consumer and News Resources
By Sabrina I. Pacifici
Sabrina I. Pacifici is the Founder, Editor, and Publisher of, which she launched in November 1996. Links to her articles and presentations on are available here. Sabrina is also the author of the current awareness fact blog on law and technology news, beSpacific, which she updates daily. The site's database hosts more than 11,000 entries, and visitors may search or browse for information by date, topic or keywords. One of the topics on which she regularly reports is ID theft. Sabrina has several decades of experience as a law library director and researcher, and has implemented and managed a range of cutting-edge technology projects including law firm intranets, websites and enterprise-wide blogs.

Catherine Guthrie is a staff researcher at the National Clearinghouse for Science, Technology & the Law at Stetson University Law School in Gulfport, Florida. She earned her J.D. from Stetson in 2003 and is a member of the Florida Bar. Published on February 17, 2003, and updated on September 17, 2006 by Sabrina I. Pacifici and Catherine Guthrie

Federal and State Resources on ID Theft
Federal Resources
Selected CRS Reports Available on the web
Selected Law Review and Law Journal Articles on ID Theft
Federal Laws
Selected Consumer and Industry Resources on ID Theft
Additional bibliographic information about identity theft

State Resources
Selected Books on ID Theft
Recent GAO Reports
Selected News Articles on ID Theft
Federal Resources

The Federal Trade Commission ( serves as clearinghouse to receive consumer complaints and to provide them with assistance. The FTC also offers an ID Theft Alert website ( that reviews how identity thieves work, and provides links to government reports and Congressional testimony, law enforcement updates, and other identity theft sites. The ID Theft Alert website also offers multiple publications and forms, including:
  • Identity Crisis... What to Do If Your Identity Is Stolen, August 2005,
  • 'Active Duty' Alerts Help Protect Military Personnel from Identity Theft, July 2005,
  • Take Charge: Fighting Back Against Identity Theft, June 2005
  • How Not to Get Hooked by a Phishing Scam, June 2005
  • How Not to Get Hooked by a Phishing Scam, June 2005
  • What To Do If Your Personal Information Has Been Compromised, March 2005,
  • National and State Trends in Fraud and Identity Theft, January – December 2004,
  • Remedying the Effects of Identity Theft
  • Privacy: Tips for Protecting Your Personal Information, 2002,
  • ID Theft: When Bad Things Happen To Your good Name a step-by-step guide to prevent ID theft that also provides useful documentation on services and resources available to those who are already victims of fraud.
  • ID Theft Complaint Input Form (
  • ID Theft Affidavit (
  • Privacy Choices for Your Personal Financial Information, (\
  • Consumer Sentinel Database (
  • Top complaint categories (
  • FTC Releases Top 10 Consumer Fraud Complaint Categories -- Identity Theft Again Leads the List, January 5, 2006

    Other Federal Resources
  • The President's Identity Theft Task Force Interim Recommendations, September 19, 2006
  • Executive Order: Strengthening Federal Efforts to Protect Against Identity Theft, May 10, 2006. Bureau of Justice Statistics
  • Identity Theft, 2004 ( Offers information about ID theft victimization and its consequences from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCS)

    Department of the Treasury
  • Identity Theft Resource page: ( Department of Justice
  • Criminal Division, Fraud Section: (
  • Identity Theft and Fraud: (
  • Internet Fraud: (
  • In the Spotlight: Identity Theft, ( Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
  • FDIC Consumer Alerts (
  • FDIC Consumer Alerts - Phishing Scam (
  • FDIC Consumer Alerts - Identity Theft (
  • FDIC Consumer Alerts - Check Clearing for the 21st Century (Check 21 Act) -
  • FDIC Consumer Alerts - Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act (FACT Act) -
  • FDIC Consumer Alerts - Privacy Act Issues under Gramm-Leach-Bliley -
  • When a Criminal's Cover Is Your Identity (<> Social Security Administration
  • The Social Security Administration provides identity theft hotline numbers, information on reclaiming identity, Social Security card replacement; information on correcting records and how to obtain a new Social Security number (
  • Identity Theft and Your Social Security Number ( U.S. Postal Inspectors
  • Identity Theft page: (

    Federal Laws
    Federal Identity Theft Laws
    Identity Theft and Assumption Deterrence Act, as amended by Public Law 105-318, 112 Stat. 3007, October 30, 1998 (
    Identity Theft Penalty Enhancement Act, as amended by Public Law 108-275, 118 Stat. 831 July 15, 2004 (
    Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act of 2003, Public Law 108-159, 117 Stat. 1952, December 4, 2003 (PDF)
    Fair Debt Collections Practices Act (
    Identity Theft Consumer Notification Act, 108th Congress, H.R. 818, Pending (
    Identity Theft Prevention Act of 2005, 109th Congress, H.R. 220, pending (
    Federal Credit Laws
    Consumer Credit Protection Act, to locate information about identity theft within this law enter the phrase "identity theft" in the search box
    Fair Credit Reporting Act: This version of the FCRA was made available by the FTC on December 1, 2005 (
    Fair Credit Billing Act (, see also (
    Truth in Lending Act, Public Law 90-321 (Title I § 104), 82 Stat. 147, May 29, 1968 (
    Electronic Funds Transfer Act (
    Federal False Identification Laws
    False Identification Crime Control Act of 1982, Public Law 97-398, 96 Stat. 2009, December 31, 1982 (
    Internet False Identification Act of 2000, Public Law 106-578, 114 Stat. 3075, December 28, 2000 (PDF) Federal Privacy Laws
    Privacy Act of 1971, Public Law 93-579, 88 Stat. 1896, December 31, 1974 (Link) Drivers privacy Protection Act of 1994, Public Law103-322 (Title XXX), amended by 106-69, 108 Stat. 2099, September 13, 1994 (PDF)
    Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), Public Law 104-191, 110 Stat. 1936, August 21, 1996 (PDF)
    Gramm-Leach- Bliley Act of 1999 (also known as the Financial Services Modernization Act of 1999), Public Law 106-102, 113 Stat. 1338, November 12, 1999 (PDF)
    Social Security Number Confidentiality Act of 2000, Public Law 106-433, 114 Stat. 1910, November 6, 2000 (PDF)

    Links to House and Senate Committees with jurisdiction
    House Energy and Commerce Committee,
    House Judiciary Committee,
    Senate Commerce Committee,
    Senate Judiciary Committee,

    State Resources
    National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C): "NW3C is a congressionally-funded, non-profit corporation. Through a combination of training and critical support services, we equip state and local law enforcement agencies with skills and resources they need to tackle emerging economic and cyber crime problems."

    State Law Compilations
  • National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) Identity Theft Information, lists state identity theft laws compiled by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission, Also offers links to articles and publications on Identity Theft (
    • National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) 2006 Enacted Identity Theft Legislation, and 2006 Introduced Identity Theft Legislation
    • Identity Theft Resource Center's list of Federal and State identity theft laws (
    • List of state criminal identity theft laws ( )
    • List of state Credit Information Blocking laws ( )
    • List of state Fraud Alerts laws ( )
    • List of state Social Security Numbers laws ( ) Other State Resources
    • Briefing Paper on ID Theft: indicates the language various states use to categorize ID theft, which is especially useful when conducting state statutory research (
    • Links to State Attorneys General websites (

      Specific resources listed alphabetically by state and in some instances, by city
    • Alabama Office of Attorney General, General Guide for Victims of Identity Theft ( )
    • Alaska USA, Federal Credit Union, Identity Theft page ( )
    • Alaska Attorney General, Notice for Veterans About Identity Theft (
    • Arizona (Phoenix Police Department), Identity Theft, Learn to Protect Yourself (
    • Arizona Identity Theft Statistics ( )
    • Arizona Crime Victims Support ( )
    • Arizona Attorney General's STOP Identity Theft ( )
    • Arkansas Office of the Attorney General, Protect Yourself From Identity Theft (
    • General Guide for Victims of Identity Theft, Office of the Attorney General, State of California ( )
    • California ID Theft Registry, Office of the Attorney General, State of California (
    • California Office of privacy Protection ( )
    • California Department of Motor eVehicles, Fraud and Identity Theft Information (
    • Colorado Motor Vehicle Investigations Unit ( )
    • Colorado Attorney General Highlights Identity Theft Page ( )
    • Connecticut Attorney General's Office, Identity Theft Alert ( )
    • District of Columbia, Identity Theft page (,a,1223,q,635085.asp )
    • Delaware Attorney General, Avoiding Identity Theft ( )
    • Delaware Attorney General, Directions for Reporting Identity Theft and Completing the Identity Theft Victim Kit (
    • Delaware Attorney General, Identity Theft (PDF)
    • Consumer Credit Counseling Service of Maryland and Delaware (a nonprofit), Identity Theft page ( )
    • Florida Attorney General, Identity Theft page ( )
    • Florida Attorney General, Florida's Identity Theft Victim Kit ( )
    • Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services' Identity Theft web site ( )
    • Georgia governor's Office of Consumer Affairs, Identity Theft - Instructions for Victims (,2086,5426814_39039081_39480072,00.html )
    • Georgia Consumer's Guide to Identity Theft ( )
    • Georgia Stop Identity Theft Network, [If you have further questions, please contact Javoyne Hicks in the Special Prosecutions Section at 404.651.9340]
    • Hawaii Department of Commerce & Consumer Affairs, Identity Theft Information ( )
    • Hawaii Identity Theft and Fraud Task Force (HIT Fraud)
    • Idaho Office of Attorney General, Identity Theft page ( )
    • Illinois Attorney General's Identity Theft Hotline ( )
    • Illinois Attorney General's Things You Should Know About... Identity Theft ( )
    • Indiana Office of Attorney General, Identity Theft Information ( )
    • Iowa Attorney General, Protect Yourself from "Identity Theft" (
    • Iowa Department of Transportation Identity Theft page ( )
    • Iowa Attorney General's brochure on How to Avid Identity Theft ( )
    • Kansas Attorney General's Identity Theft publication ( )
    • Kansas Department of Insurance, information about Identity Theft Insurance ( )
    • Kansas Bureau of Investigation's How to Protect Yourself from Identity Theft brochure ( )
    • Kentucky Attorney General Identity Theft page (
    • Kentucky Attorney General Stumbo Supports Identity Theft Legislation (Link)
    • Louisiana Department of Justice, Identity Theft (
    • Louisiana Attorney General Consumer Alerts, New Legislation Will Help Fight Identity Theft ( )
    • Maine, Department of the Secretary of State, Identity Fraud Information ( )
    • Maine Attorney General, Identity Theft page (
    • Maine, Credit Reports and Identity Theft publication ( )
    • Maryland Attorney General, Identity Theft: What to Do if It Happens to You (
    • Consumer Credit Counseling Service of Maryland and Delaware (a nonprofit), Identity Theft page ( )
    • Massachusetts Attorney General Consumer Alert, Reilly Alerts Identity Theft Victims to Additional Protections under New Federal Law ( )
    • Massachusetts Attorney General Consumer Alert, Reilly Announces Comprehensive Approach to Identity Theft ( )
    • Massachusetts Attorney General, Identity Fraud: It Can Happen to You! ( )
    • Michigan Department of Attorney General, Identity Theft Information for Michigan Consumers (,1607,7-164--80479--,00.html )
    • Michigan Department of Attorney General, Free Annual Credit Reports-What Consumers Should Know (,1607,7-164-20942-111010--,00.html )
    • Crime Prevention Association of Michigan (CPAM), Identity Theft page ( )
    • Minnesota Office of the Attorney General, Guarding Your privacy (
    • Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Identity Theft page ( )
    • Mississippi Office of the Attorney General, Identification Theft booklet ( )
    • Mississippi Office of the Attorney General, Identification Theft pamphlet ( )
    • Mississippi Insurance Department, A Rise in Identity Theft Spurs New Type of Insurance (
    • Missouri Attorney General, Identity Theft page ( )
    • Montana Department of Justice and Attorney General, Identity Theft page (
    • Nebraska Attorney General, to access the Identity Theft page click on the provided website, select Consumer Protection, and then click on Identity Theft Information (
    • Nebraska Attorney General and Department of Justice brochure (
    • Nevada Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, Identity Theft Passport Program (
    • Nevada Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, Protect Yourself From Identity Theft (
    • New Hampshire Department of Justice, Identity Theft (
    • New Jersey Official State Website, Identity Theft page (
    • New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs, Identity Theft (
    • New Jersey State Police, Identity Theft Victim's Reference Guide (
    • New Mexico Attorney General, Identity Theft page (
    • New York State Office of the State Attorney General, Identity Theft: How to Protect Yourself (
    • New York State Office of the State Attorney General, Identity Theft: What To Do If You’ve Been Victimized (
    • North Carolina Department of Justice / Attorney General, Tips for Veterans and Military Personnel Who May Be at Risk (PDF)
    • North Carolina Department of Justice / Attorney General, Identity Theft page (
    • North Carolina, Department of Transportation DM, Identity Theft page (
    • North Dakota Attorney General, Identity Theft page (
    • North Dakota Attorney General, Identity Theft Fraud Alert (
    • North Dakota Attorney General, Identity Theft brochure (
    • North Dakota Attorney General, Column on Consumer Issues, “Phishing” Scam (
    • North Dakota Attorney General, Defending Your privacy (
    • North Dakota Attorney General, Is Your Private Life Really Private (
    • North Dakota Attorney General, What is Identity Theft (
    • North Dakota Attorney General, Avoiding Identity Theft (
    • North Dakota Attorney General, Stolen Identity, Now What (
    • North Dakota Attorney General, Social Security Numbers (
    • Ohio Attorney General, Identity Theft Verification Passport (Link), this page also contains links to publications and teaching materials about identity theft
    • Ohio Consumers, includes articles, links and a slide show about identity theft (
    • Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation (OSBI), Identity Theft Passport (
    • Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation (OSBI), Identity Theft Passport Request, (Link)
    • Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation (OSBI), Identity Theft Preventative Actions (PDF)
    • University of Oklahoma Police Department, Identity Theft page
    • Oregon Congresswoman Darlene Hooley, Leading the Way to Prevent Identity Theft (Link)
    • District of Oregon, Senator Hoar's Identity Theft: The Crime of the New Millennium (
    • Pennsylvania Attorney General, Protecting Your Personal Information (
    • Pennsylvania Attorney General, Protecting Yourself From Identity Theft (
    • Pennsylvania Attorney General, How to Avoid Identity Theft (PDF)
    • Pennsylvania Attorney General, Identity Theft (
    • Rhode Island Department of Attorney General, Identity Theft - What if I am a Victim of Identity Theft? (Link) to view this text scroll down to the bottom of the web page
    • Rhode Island Department of Labor and Training, Regulations for Identity Theft Protection (
    • South Carolina Consumer Affairs, Identity Theft Flyer (
    • University of South Carolina, Identity Theft website (
    • South Dakota Attorney General, Identity Theft page, (
    • Tennessee Division of Consumer Affairs, Identity Theft Tips may be available upon request (
    • Texas Attorney General, Identity Theft page (
    • Texas Department of Public Safety, Steps to Help Prevent Identity Theft , April 2002 (
    • Texas, Fort Worth Police Department, Identity Theft page (
    • Utah, Identity Theft Reporting Information System (
    • Utah Attorney General, General Consumer Assistance, Identity Fraud,
    • Vermont Attorney General, Identity Theft page (
    • Virginia Attorney General, Identity Theft page (
    • Virginia Department for the Aging, Identity Theft page (
    • Washington Attorney General, Identity Theft page (
    • West Virginia Attorney General, Identity Theft page (
    • Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade & Consumer Protection, Office of privacy Protection (
    • Wisconsin State Law Library, Identity Theft page (
    • Wyoming Department of Transportation, Stolen License / Identity Theft page (

  • Recent GAO Reports
    Identity Theft: Some Outreach Efforts to Promote Awareness of New Consumer Rights Are Under Way GAO-05-710 June 30, 2005
    Personal Information: Key Federal Privacy Laws Do Not Require Information Resellers to Safeguard All Sensitive Data GAO-06-674 June 26, 2006
    Veterans Affairs: Leadership Needed to Address Information Security Weaknesses and Privacy Issues GAO-06-866T June 14, 2006
    Privacy: Preventing and Responding to Improper Disclosures of Personal Information GAO-06-833T June 8, 2006
    Social Security Numbers: More Could be Done to Protect SSNs GAO-06-586T March 30, 2006
    Social Security Numbers: Federal and State Laws Restrict Use of SSNs, Yet Gaps Remain GAO-05-1016T September 15, 2005
    Information Security: Emerging Cybersecurity Issues Threaten Federal Information Systems GAO-05-231 May 13, 2005
    Credit Reporting Literacy: Consumers Understood the Basics but Could Benefit from Targeted Educational Efforts GAO-05-223 March 16, 2005
    Social Security Numbers: Governments Could Do More to Reduce Display in Public Records and on Identity Cards GAO-05-59 November 9, 2004

    Selected CRS Reports Available on the web
    RS22460 - June 22, 2006
    Theft of Veterans' Personal Information, and Department of Veterans Affairs Information Technology Reorganization: Issues for Congress
    RL33287 - February 28, 2006
    Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records RL33231 - January 11, 2006
    The Internal Revenue Service’s Use of Private Debt Collection Agencies: Current Status and Issues for Congress RL33199 - December 16, 2005
    Personal Data Security Breaches: Context and Incident Summaries RS22082 - March 16, 2005
    Identity Theft: The Internet Connection RS21083 - September 12, 2003
    Identity Theft and the Fair Credit Reporting Act: An Analysis of TRW v. Andrews and Current Legislation RL31919 - September 12, 2003
    Remedies Available to Victims of Identity Theft RL31752 - February 21, 2003
    Identity Theft: An Overview of Proposed Legislation in the 107th Congress

    Selected Consumer and Industry Resources on ID Theft
  • AARP offers multiple publications and reports on identity theft. Also offers a free online seminar about Identity Theft (
  • AARP - Into the Breach: Security Breaches and Identity Theft/Research Report July 2006
  • American Bankers Association Education Foundation (
  • National Criminal Justice Reference Service - In the Spotlight: Identity Theft, (
  • Looks to Good to be True - "Federal law enforcement and industry taskforce campaign to protect consumers from cyber outlaws."
  • Stay Safe Online - National Cyber Security Alliance
  • Consumer Reports WebWatch Finds Identity Theft Fears, Trust Concerns Turning Significant Number of U.S. Web Users Away
  • Credit Union National Association (
  • Identity Theft Resource Center ( )
  • Bank of America Privacy Pages (
  • Howstuffworks: How Identity Theft Works (
  • National Consumers League (
  • Consumer @ction (
  • Fight Identity Theft (
  • 101 Identity Theft (
  • Better Business Bureau
  • Security & Privacy - Made Simpler - a customer data toolkit
  • 2006 Identity Fraud Survey Report - released by the Council of Better Business Bureaus and Javelin Strategy & Research
  • Quiz on Protecting Yourself from ID Theft Privacy Rights Clearinghouse - Identity Theft Resources
  • Identity Theft Fact Sheets
  • Other Identity Theft Publications
  • Identity Theft Quizzes
  • Victims' Stories and Hotline Cases
  • Other Identity Theft Sites - a customer data toolkit
  • A Chronology of Data Breaches Reported Since the ChoicePoint Incident Selected Books on ID Theft
    Identity Theft: A Legal Research Guide, by Reba A. Best, 2004.
    Your Evil Twin: Behind the Identity Theft Epidemic, by Bob Sullivan, 2004.
    The Digital Person: Technology and Privacy in the Information Age (Ex Machina: Law, Technology, and Society) by Daniel J. Solove, 2004.

  • Selected News Articles on ID Theft
    Ponemon Institute Releases National Survey on Confidential Data at Risk, August 15, 2006
    Industry, Government Fret Over Tactics for Fighting Data Theft, by Marcia Coyle, The National Law Journal, August 10, 2006.
    Risky Business? How Multinationals' Outsourcing Involving Customer Data Can Lead to Identity Theft and Other Fraud, by Anita Ramasastry, July 10, 2006
    Identity Thief Finds Easy Money Hard to Resist, July 2006
    PC With Personal Data on More than 500,000 NY Workers Missing, July 24, 2006
    Gartner Says Rash of Personal Data Thefts Shows Social Security Numbers Can No Longer Be Sole Proof of Identity for Enterprises, June 5, 2006.
    Experts Offer Advice to Prevent ID Theft, AP, May 23, 2006
    Preventing Identity Theft and Data Security Breaches: The Problem With Regulation, by Clyde Wayne Crews and Brooke
    Oberwetter, Competitive Enterprise Institute, May 9, 2006 (24 pages, PDF)
    Death is No Defense Against ID Theft, December 2005
    2005 Worst Year for Breaches of Computer Security, December 2005
    Grand Theft Identity - Be careful, we've been told, or you may become a fraud victim. But now it seems that corporations are failing to protect our secrets. How bad is the problem, and how can we fix it. Newsweek, July 4, 2005.
    Identity Theft Resources for Police, April 2005
    ID Theft Worst Fraud in Record Year, January 2003 (
    How to Foil Data Thieves, Hackers, January 2003 (,1377,57302,00.html)
    9-Digit 'Social' Overused as ID, January 2003 (,1848,57395,00.html)
    Cops Bust Massie ID Theft Ring, November 2002 (,1848,56567,00.html)
    Site Clues Consumers into Identity Theft, June 2002 (
    Identity Theft: Fact and Fiction, September 2002 (
    Identity Heist!, February 2002 (

    Selected Law Review and Law Journal Articles on ID Theft • Solove, Daniel J. and Hoofnagle, Chris Jay, A Model Regime of Privacy Protection (Version 3.0). Illinois Law Review, Vol. 2006, p. 357, 2006. Matwyshyn, Andrea M., "Technoconsen(t)sus" (May 2006). Available at SSRN: Victor M. DiBattista; Identity Theft: Is Your Security Blanket Tucked In?; 123 Banking Law Journal 316, Number 4; April 2006 Anderson, Keith B., Identity Theft: Does the Risk Vary With Demographics? (August 2005). Federal Trade Commission, Bureau of Economics Working Paper No. 279 Available at SSRN: Cheney, Julia S., Identity Theft: Do Definitions Still Matter? (August 2005). FRB of Philadelphia Payment Cards Center Discussion Paper Available at SSRN: Bermann, Sol, Privacy and Access to Public Records in the Digital Age (April 2006). Ohio State Public Law Working Paper No. 62 Available at SSRN: • Jennifer Lynch; Identity Theft in Cyberspace: Crime Control Methods and Their Effectiveness in Combating Phishing Attacks; 20 Berkeley Technology Law Journal 259; 2005 • Daivd E. Libman; Identity Theft: Who Cares about Sticks and Stones?; 47 Orange County Lawyer 41; April 2005 Hoofnagle, Chris Jay, Putting Identity Theft on Ice: Freezing Credit Reports to Prevent Lending to Impostors. Stanford University Press, 2005 Available at SSRN: • Identity Theft: Your good Name gone Bad; 68 Texas Bar Journal 95; January 2005 • Daivd Narkiewicz; Identity Theft: A Rapidly Growing Technology Problem; 26 Pennsylvania Lawyer 58; May/June 2004 • Catherine Pastrikos; Identity Theft Statutes: Which Will Protect Americans the Most?; 67 Albany Law Review 1137; 2004 • Erin Leigh Sylester; Identity Theft: Are the Elderly Targeted?; 3 Connecticut Public Interest Law Journal 371; Spring 2004 • Holly K. Towle; Identity Theft: Myths, Methods, and New Law; 30 Rutgers Computer and Technology Law Journal 237; 2004 • Erin Suzanne Dais; A World Wide Problem on the World Wide Web: International Responses to Transnational Identity Theft via the Internet; 12 Washington University Journal of Law and Policy 201; 2003 • Peter C. Alexander; Identity Theft and Bankruptcy Expungement; 77 American Bankruptcy Institute Journal 409; Fall 2003 • Chris B. Petrie; Identity (Theft) Crisis!; 26 Wyoming Lawyer 22; October 2003 • Stephen F. Miller; Someone Out There Is Using Your Name: A Basic Primer on Federal Identity Theft Law; 50 Federal Lawyer 11; January 2003 • Erin M. Shoudt; Identity Theft: Victims "Cry Out" for Reform; 52 American University Law Review; October 2002 • Sean B. Hoar; Identity Theft: The Crime of the New Millennium; 80 Oregon Law Review 1423; Winter 2001 • Dae Maxfield; Invasion of the I.D. Snatchers: Fighting Identity Theft; 13 South Carolina Lawyer 18; September/October 2001

    Additional bibliographic information about identity theft
  • Identity Theft: Outline of Federal Statutes and Bibliography of Select Resources by Sara R. Paul, published September 18, 2005
  • Annotated Bibliography of Resources on Identity Theft by Sabrina I. Pacifici, published April 7, 2003 ID theft resources from beSpacific, the current awareness blog on law and technology news, updated daily, with links to primary federal, state and local resources and reliable corporate, academic, public interest and expert sources. More information is also available in a comprehensive, searchable, free forensics research database at The database is offered by the National Clearinghouse for Science, Technology and the Law (NCSTL), a program of the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, United States Department of Justice, Grant #2003-IJ-CX-K024.

  • Newspapers and Magazines

    America's Most Wanted: The Man with Eighty Wives, INDEPENDENT (London, England), July 19, 2006 (

    Aja Anderson, Real Life"Big Love": FBI's Most Wanted, Warren Steed Jeffs, SPRAWL MAG., May 13, 2006 (

    Nate Carlisle, SWAT Team Raid Doesn't Find Jeffs, SALT LAKE TRIBUNE, July 1, 2006 (

    Nate Carlisle, Tip on FDLS' Jeffs Falls Short: Nothing Seized in Jeffs-tip Raid, SALT LAKE TRIBUNE, July 2, 2006 (

    Keith Coffman, For Protecting Jeffs, Brother Gets Probation, SALT LAKE TRIBUNE, July 14, 2006 (

    Keith Coffman, Younger Brother Gets Probation for Aiding Fugitive FLDS Prophet, SALT LAKE TRIBUNE, July 14, 2006 (

    Jennifer Dobner Strict Codes: Girls Play Separately From Boys at a Private School Last Month in Utah, ABERDEEN AMERICAN NEWS, May 17, 2006, at A1 (

    Jennifer Dobner, FBI Director Confident Fugitive Polygamist Will Be Caught, Associated Press, June 8, 2006 (

    Jennifer Dobner, Child Brides Put Him on FBI's List, ST. PETERSBURG TIMES, May 17, 2006, at 3A (

    Jennifer Dobner, Jeffs' Nephew Is Charged with Contempt, DESERET MORNING NEWS, July 30, 2006, at B5 (

    Jennifer Dobner, New Charges Filed Against Polygamous Leader Warren Jeffs, Associated Press, Apr. 6, 2006 (

    Jennifer Dobner, Polygamist Leader's Brother Among Those Imprisoned, KUTV Channel 2, July 22, 2006 (

    Jennifer Dobner, Search Warrants Sought Samples for DNA Testing, Associated Press, June 5, 2006 (

    Paul Foy, Polygamist Leader Will Be Tried First in Utah, DAILY BREEZE (Cal.), Aug. 31, 2006, at A9 (

    David Kelly & Gary Cohn, A Sect's Prophet, Teacher, Fugitive, LOS ANGELES TIMES, May 13, 2006, at 17 (,0,964969.story?coll=la-headlines-nation)

    Brad Knickerbocker, Crackdown on Polygamy Group, CHRISTIAN SCI. MONITOR, May 9, 2006, at 2 (

    Maria Newman, Leader of Polygamist Sect Agrees to Face Utah Charges, N.Y. TIMES, Sept. 1, 2006, at A12 (

    Ken Ritter, Polygamist Leader in Custody, CHARLESTON DAILY MAIL, Aug. 30, 2006, at 3A (

    Ken Ritter, Polygamist Leader to Return to Utah to Face Charges, CHARLESTON GAZETTE, Sept. 1, 2006, at 10A. (

    Patrice St. Germain, Police Respond to Jeffs Tip, (South Utah) SPECTRUM, July 1, 2006 (

    Mark Shaffer, FBI Seeking Leader of Polygamist Sect, ARIZONA REPUBLIC, July 8, 2005 (

    Darcy Spears, Wanted Fugitive Polygamist Has Valley Ties, Raking in Valley Tax Dollars, KVBC News 3, July 26, 2006. (

    Joanna Walters, Fears of New Waco as FBI Hunt for Svengali Leader of Polygamy Cult, (London) OBSERVER, June 11, 2006 (,,1795016,00.html)

    Ben Winslow, FBI Beefs Up Search for Jeffs, DESERET MORNING NEWS, May 30, 2006, at A1 (,1249,635211427,00.html)

    Ben Winslow, FLDS Financial Data Sought from Seth Jeffs, DESERET MORNING NEWS, July 11, 2006, at B8 (,1249,640193807,00.html)

    Ben Winslow, FLDS Trust in Judge's Hands, DESERET MORNING NEWS, July 14, 2006, at B6 (

    Ben Winslow, Jeffs' Brother Is in Prison for Refusing to Testify, DESERET MORNING NEWS, July 23, 2006, at B5 (

    Ben Winslow, Arizona Polygamist Convicted of Sex Crimes, DESERET MORNING NEWS, July 8, 2006, at B3 (

    Ben Winslow, FBI Chief Rallies Local Agents, DESERET MORNING NEWS, June 8, 2006, at B6 (,1249,635213792,00.html)

    Ben Winslow, Jeffs Lawyer-Shopping, DESERET MORNING NEWS, Sept. 8, 2006, at B5 (,1249,645199762,00.html)

    Ben Winslow, Jeffs Seen in Arizona?, DESERET MORNING NEWS, June 10, 2006 (,1249,640185888,00.html)

    Ben Winslow, Judge May Decide Fate of the FLDS Trust Today, DESERET MORNING NEWS, Aug. 14, 2006, at B7 (,1249,645192963,00.html)

    Ben Winslow, Judge Orders Jeffs Documents Released, DESERET MORNING NEWS, Aug. 14, 2006, at B7 (,1249,645192964,00.html)

    Ben Winslow, Property Taxes Are Paid for 2 Polygamous Towns, DESERET MORNING NEWS, Aug. 4, 2006, at B5 (,1249,640199907,00.html)

    Ben Winslow, Search for Jeffs at Home Fruitless, DESERET MORNING NEWS, July 2, 2006, at B3 (,1249,640191667,00.html)

    Ben Winslow, Search Produces No Jeffs, DESERET MORNING NEWS, July 1, 2006, at B8 (,1249,640191485,00.html)

    Ben Winslow, Seth Jeffs Sentenced, DESERET MORNING NEWS, July 15, 2006, at B3 (

    Ben Winslow, Settlements Expected Soon in Suits Against FLDS, Jeffs, DESERET MORNING NEWS, June 20, 2006, at B5 (,1249,640188373,00.html)

    Ben Winslow & Nancy Perkins, Jeffs to Appear Before a Judge in Utah Today, DESERET MORNING NEWS, Sept. 6, 2006, at A1 (,1249,645199136,00.html)


    Anderson Cooper 360: Hiding in Plain Sight: Polygamy—Part I (CNN television broadcast May 10, 2006) (

    Anderson Cooper 360: Tracking a Fugitive: The Hunt for Warren Jeffs, (CNN television broadcast May 19, 2006) (

    THE MAN WITH 80 WIVES (UK Channel Four documentary television broadcast July 19, 2006) (

    The Big Story with John Gibson: Warren Jeffs Makes First Utah Court Appearance (Fox News television broadcast Sept. 7, 2006) (


    United States v. Jeffs, No. CRIM05CR00503REB, slip op. (D. Mass. Apr. 4, 2006)


    FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitive: Warren Steed Jeffs (

    Books & Reports
    Terence W. Campbell, ASSESSING SEX OFFENDERS: PROBLEMS AND PITFALLS (Charles C. Thomas Publisher 2005) S. J. Hucker & K. DeFreitas, Forensic Psychiatry and Forensic Psychology: Criminal Responsibility, in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF FORENSIC AND LEGAL MEDICINE (Jason Payne-James, Roger W. Byard, Tracey S. Corey & Carol Henderson, eds., Elsevier Academic Press 2005) (
    L. Eccleston & T. Ward, Assessment of Dangerousness and Criminal Responsibility, in HANDBOOK FOR FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY: RESOURCE FOR MENTAL HEALTH AND LEGAL PROFESSIONALS (William T. O'Donohue & Eric R. Levensky, eds., Academic Press 2003) (

    Law & Science Journals

    N. Zoe Hilton, Grant T. Harris & Marnie E. Rice, Sixty-six Years of Research on the Clinical Versus Actuarial Prediction of Violence, 34 COUNSELING PSYCHOL. 400 (Sept. 2006) (

    Debra A. Pinals, Chad E. Tillbrook & Denise L. Mumley, Practical Application of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Criminal Adjudication (MacCAT-CA) in a Public Sector Forensic Setting, 34 J. AM. ACAD. PSYCHIATRY L. 179 (June 2006) (

    Howard E. Barbaree, Calvin M. Langton & Edward J. Peacock, The Factor Structure of Static Actuarial Items: Its Relation to Prediction, 18 SEXUAL ABUSE 207 (Apr. 2006) (

    Julie E. Grachek, The Insanity Defense in the Twenty-First Century: How Recent United States Supreme Court Case Law Can Improve the System, 81 IND. L.J. 1479 (Fall 2006) (

    T. Szasz, "Idiots, Infants, and the Insane": Mental Illness and Legal Incompetence, 31 J. MED. ETHICS 78 (Feb. 2005) (

    M.D. Parzen, Toward a Culture-Bound Syndrome-Based Insanity Defense?, 27 CULTURE, MED. AND PSYCHIATRY 131 (June 2003) (

    P.A. Zapf, R. Roesch, J.L. Viljoen, Assessing Fitness to Stand Trial: The Utility of the Fitness Interview Test (Revised Edition), 46 CAN. J. PSYCHIATRY 426 (June 2001) (

    Klaus-Peter Dahle, Strengths and Limitations of Actuarial Prediction of Criminal Reoffence in a German Prison Sample: A Comparative Study of LSI-R, HCR-20 and PCL-R, 29 INT'L J. L. PSYCHIATRY 431 (Sept.-Oct. 2006) (

    Bernard E. Harcourt, Against Prediction: Sentencing, Policing, and Punishing in an Actuarial Age, CHI. PUB. L. & LEGAL THEORY WORKING PAPER NO. 94 (May 2005) (

    Thomas R. Litwach, Actuarial Versus Clinical Assessments of Dangerousness, 7 PSYCHOL., PUB. POL'Y & L. 409 (2001) (

    H. J. Steadman, E. Silver, J. Monahan, P. Appelbaum, P. C. Robbins, E. P. Mulvey, T. Grisso, L. H. Roth, S. Banks, A Classification Tree Approach to the Development of Actuarial Violence Risk Assessment Tools, 24(1) LAW & HUM. BEHAV. 83 (Feb. 2000) (

    Michael C. Seto, Is More Better? Combining Actuarial Risk Scales to Predict Recidivism among Adult Sex Offenders,17 PSYCHOL. ASSESSMENT 156 (June 2005) (

    Martin Grann, Henrik Belfrage, Anders Tengstrom, Actuarial Assessment of Risk for Violence: Predictive Validity of the VRAG and the Historical Part of the HCR-20, 27 CRIM. JUST. & BEHAV. 97 (Feb. 2000) (

    Jeremy F. Mills, Advances in the Assessment and Prediction of Interpersonal Violence, 20 J. INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 236 (Feb. 2005) (

    Howard E. Barbaree, Michael C. Seto, Calvin M. Langton & Edward J. Peacock, Evaluating the Predictive Accuracy of Six Risk Assessment Instruments for Adult Sex Offenders, 28 CRIM. JUST. & BEHAV. 490 (Aug. 2001) (

    Grant T. Harris, Marnie E. Rice, Vernon L. Quinsey, Martin L. Lalumiere, Douglas Boer & Carol Lang, A Multisite Comparison of Actuarial Risk Instruments for Sex Offenders, 15 PSYCHOL. ASSESSMENT 413 (Sept. 2003) (

    Frank Urbaniok, Thomas Noll, Sonja Grunewald , Jennifer Steinbach & Jérôme Endrass, Prediction of violent and sexual offences: A replication study of the VRAG in Switzerland, 17 J. FORENSIC PSYCHIATRY & PSYCHOL. 23 (June 2006) (

    Kevin S. Douglas, Melissa Yeomans & Douglas P. Boer, Comparative Validity Analysis of Multiple Measures of Violence Risk in a Sample of Criminal Offenders, 32 CRIM. JUST. & BEHAV. 479 (Oct. 2005) (

    Michael J. Vitacco & Ira K. Packer, Mania and Insanity: An Analysis of Legal Standards and Recommendations for Clinical Practice, 4 J. FORENSIC PSYCHOL. PRAC. 83 (2004) (

    Ivan P. Kruh, Karen Whittemore, Genevieve L.Y. Arnaut, James Manley, Bruce Gage & Gregg J. Gagliardi, The Concurrent Validity of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory and Its Relative Association with Past Violence in a Sample of Insanity Acquittees, 4 INT'L J. FORENSIC MENTAL HEALTH 135 (Fall 2005) (

    Ralph Slovenko, Diminished Capacity Revisited, 21(1) AM. J. OF FORENSIC PSYCHIATRY 19 (2000) (

    R. Rogers & D. W. Shuman, The Mental State at the Time of the Offense Measure: Its Validation and Admissibility under Daubert, 28(1) J. AM. ACAD. PSYCHIATRY L. 23 (2000) (

    James F. Hooper, Alix M. McLearen & Michelle E. Barnett, The Alabama Structured Assessment of Treatment Completion for Insanity Acquittees (The AlaSATcom), 28 INT'L J. PSYCHIATRY L. 604 (Nov.-Dec. 2005) (

    Paul H. Gates, Competency v. Responsibility: Competing Standards, Interests and the Administration of Justice, 3(1) J. FORENSIC PSYCHOL. PRACTICE 79 (Jan. 2003) (

    J.L. Warren, D.C. Murrie, P. Chauhan, P.E. Dietz & J. Morris, Opinion Formation in Evaluating Sanity at the Time of the Offense: An Examination of 5175 Pre-Trial Evaluations, 22 BEHAV. SCI. L. 171 (Jan. 2004) (

    Christian Perring, Conceptual Issues in Assessing Responsibility for Actions Symptomatic of Mental Illness, 27 INT'L J. PSYCHIATRY L. 489 (Sept.-Oct. 2004) (

    Cordelia Fine & Jeanette Kennett, Mental Impairment, Moral Understanding and Criminal Responsibility: Psychopathy and the Purposes of Punishment, 27 INT'L J. PSYCHIATRY L. 425 (Sept.-Oct. 2004) (

    C. S. Fried & N. D. Reppucci, Criminal Decision Making: The Development of Adolescent Judgment, Criminal Responsibility, and Culpability, 25(1) LAW & HUM. BEHAV. 45 (Feb. 2001) (;jsessionid=dq8paa264l2c8.crescent?journal=pubinfobike://klu/lahu&startyea)

    Miscellaneous Mad or Bad? Psychologically Assessing Criminal Competence (Videorecording, Film for the Humanities & Sci. 2001) (

    Books & Reports

    John P. Walters, Alberto Gonzales & Michael Leavitt, SYNTHETIC DRUG CONTROL STRATEGY: A FOCUS ON METHAMPHETAMINES AND PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE (Office of National Drug Control Policy 2005)

    Tom McEwen, Craig D. Uchida, Thomas C. Castellano, Edmund McGarrell, Stacey L. Oswick, Susan Pennell, Carol A. Putnam & Kip Schlegel, AN EVALUATION OF THE COPS OFFICE METHAMPHETAMINE INITIATIVE (National Institute for Justice, 2000)

    METHAMPHETAMINE USE: CLINICAL AND FORENSIC ASPECTS (Errol Yudko, Sandra B. McPherson & Harold V. Hall, eds., CRC Press 2003) (

    Law & Science Journals

    Yuko T. Iwata, Hiroyuki Inoue, Kenji Kuwayama, Tatsuyuki Kanamori, Kenji Tsujikawa, Hajime Miyaguchi & Tohru Kishi, Forensic Application of Chiral Separation of Amphetamine-Type Stimulants to Impurity Analysis of Seized Methamphetamine by Capillary Electrophoresis, 161 FORENSIC SCI. INT'L 92 (Sept. 2006) (

    Előd Hidvégi, Péter Fábián, Zsuzsa Hideg & Gábor Somogyi, GC-MS Determination of Amphetamines in Serum Using On-Line Trifluoroacetylation, 161 FORENSIC SCI. INT'L 119 (Sept. 2006) (

    Eunyoung Han, Yonghoon Park, Wonkyung Yang, Jaesin Lee, Sooyeun Lee, Eunmi Kim, Miae Lim & Heesun Chung, The Study of Metabolite-to-Parent Ratios of Methamphetamine and Methylenedioxymethamphetamine in Hair, 161 FORENSIC SCI. INT'L 124 (Sept. 2006) (

    Shu-Fang Teng, Shou-Chien Wu, Chiareiy Liu, Jih-Heng Li & Chun-Sheng Chien, Characteristics and Trends of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) Tablets Found in Taiwan from 2002 to February 2005, 161 FORENSIC SCI. INT'L 202 (Sept. 2006) (

    Jae Sin Lee, Eun Young Han, Soo Yeun Lee, Eun Mi Kim, Yong Hoon Park, Mi Ae Lim, Hee Sun Chung & Jeong Hill Park, Analysis of the Impurities in the Methamphetamines Synthesized by Three Different Methods from Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine, 161 FORENSIC SCI. INT'L 209 (Sept. 2006) (

    Brian Privett, Landowner Civil Liability for Meth Lab Contamination under Kentucky Law, 44 BRANDEIS L.J. 715 (Spring 2006) (

    Aaron R. Harmon, Methamphetamine Remediation Research Act of 2005: Just What the Doctor Ordered for Cleaning Up Methfields – Or Sugar Pill Placebo?, 7 N.C. J.L. & TECH. 421 (Spring 2006) (

    Mark Schone, Busting a Record Number of Methamphetamine Labs Hasn't Rid the Midwest of Its Latest Drug Scourge. Now Cops Want to Make It Harder to Buy Cold Pills that Contain a Key Meth Ingredient. Will the Drug Lobby Let Them?, 2004-Dec. LEGAL AFF. 30 (Nov.-Dec. 2004) (

    Debra S. Peterson, R. Michael Jennings, Methamphetamine: A Recipe for Disaster, 73 J. KAN. B.A. 7 (Oct. 2004) (

    Thomas C. Albus, Legal Battles in Missouri's War on Methamphetamine, 59 J. MO. B. 60 (Mar.-Apr. 2003) (

    Anna S. Vogt, The Mess Left Behind: Regulating the Cleanup of Former Methamphetamine Laboratories, 38 IDAHO L. REV. 251 (2001) (

    Todd R. Burns, Methamphetamine Laboratories: A Challenging Hazardous Chemical Cleanup Situation, ABA ENVTL. ENFORCEMENT & CRIMES NEWSL., May 2006, at 7 (

    Dana E. Hunt, Methamphetamine Abuse: Challenges for Law Enforcement and Communities, 254 NIJ J. 24 (July 2006) (

    Cooking Up Solutions to a Cooked Up Menace: Responses to Methamphetamines in a Federal System, 119 HARV. L. REV. 2509 (June 2006) (

    Ying Qi, Ian D. Evans & Adam McCluskey Australian Federal Police Seizures of Illicit Crystalline Methamphetamine ('Ice') 1998-2002: Impurity Analysis, __ FORENSIC SCI. INT'L __ (forthcoming 2006) (

    Diaa M. Shakleya, James C. Kraner, James A. Kaplan, Peter M. Gannett & Patrick S. Callery, Identification of N,N-dimethylamphetamine Formed by Methylation of Methamphetamine in Formalin-Fixed Liver Tissue by Multistage Mass Spectrometry, 157 FORENSIC SCI. INT'L 87 (Mar. 2006) (

    R. Jones, K. Klette, J.J. Kuhlman, B. Levine, M.L. Smith, C.V. Watson & C.M. Selavka, Trimethobenzamide Cross Reacts in Immunoassays for Amphetamine/ Methamphetamine, 39 CLINICAL CHEMSITRY 699 (Apr.1993) (

    Eric C. Person, Jennifer A. Meyer & James R. Vyvyan, Structural Determination of the Principal Byproduct of the Lithium-ammonia Reduction Method of Methamphetamine Manufacture, 50 J. FORENSIC SCI. 87 (Jan. 2005) (

    Tetsuro Sasaki, Yukiko Makino, Effective Injection in Pulsed Splitless Mode for Impurity Profiling of Methamphetamine Crystal by GC or GC/MS, 160 FORENSIC SCI. INT'L 1 (June 2006) (

    W.D. Barker, U. Antia, A Study of the Use of Ephedra in the Manufacture of Methamphetamine, __ FORENSIC SCI. INT'L __ (forthcoming 2006) (

    Newspapers & Magazines

    Diane Marrero, Patchwork of Tribes, Agencies, Try Creative Approaches to Fighting Meth, Gannet News Service, Aug. 18, 2006 (

    Department of Justice, Attorney General Alberto R. Gonzales Outlines New Justice Department Efforts to Combat Methamphetamines, (Press Release May 18, 2006, announced new efforts to combat methamphetamine) (

    Meth = Death, TECH BEAT, 2006, at 9 (

    Meth Abuse Cited as Top Drug Problem for Law Enforcement Agencies, WASH. POST, July 6, 2005, at A7 (

    Elizabeth Butler, Forfeiture Under the Methamphetamine and Community Protection Act, 20 CHI. B. ASS'N 44 (May 2006) (

    DEA Public Affairs, Bush Cabinet Officials Highlight Anti-Meth Programs; Launch New Website (Press Release August 18, 2005, outlines presidential initiative to combat methamphetamine abuse) (

    Rea S. Arledge, Methamphetamine: Efforts to Stem the Tide of Clandestine Methamphetamine Laboratories, 39 PROSECUTOR 38 (Nov.-Dec. 2005) (


    National Summit on the Methamphetamine Epidemic (and related documents),

    Frontline: Meth Epidemic (PBS television broadcast 2006) (

    Tim Post, Meth Presents a New Dangers for Law Enforcement, MINN. PUB. RADIO, June 11, 2004 (

    Meth Abuse Top Drug Problem, Law Enforcement Officials Say, FOX NEWS, July 18, 2006 (

    Meth Abuse Top Drug Problem, Law Enforcement Officials Say, FOX NEWS, August 30, 2006 (

    Law & Science Journals

    I.W. Evett, R. Pinchin & C. Buffery, An Investigation of the Feasibility of Inferring Ethnic Origin from DNA Profiles, 37 J. FORENSIC SCIENCE 301 (Oct.-Nov. 1992) (

    Frederick R. Bieber, Charles H. Brenner & David Lazer, Finding Criminal Through DNA of Their Relatives, SCIENCE, June 2006, at 1315 (

    Tania Simoncelli & Barry Steinhardt, California's Proposition 69: A Dangerous Precedent for Criminal DNA Databases, 34 J. L. MED. ETHICS 99 (Summer 2006) (

    E.M. Shepard & R.J. Herrera, Iranian STR Variation at the Fringes of Biogeographical Demarcation, 158 FORENSIC SCI. INT'L 140 (May 2006) (

    J.S. Barnholtz-Sloan, R. Chakraborty & J.C. Long, Informativeness of the CODIS STR Loci for Admixture Analysis, 50 J. FORENSIC SCIENCE 1322 (Aug. 2005) (

    Tony Frudakis, K. Venkateswarlu, Matthew J. Thomas, Zach Gaskin, Siva Ginjupalli, Sitarama Gunturi, Viswanathan Ponnuswamy, Sivamiani Natarajan & Ponnuswamy Kolathupalayam Nachimuthu, Classifier for the SNP-Based Inference of Ancestry, 48 J. FORENSIC SCIENCE 771 (July 2003) (

    David A. Ray, Jerilyn A. Walker, Ashley Hall, Barbara Llewellyn, Jack Ballantyne, Allen T. Christian, Kenneth Turteltaub & Mark A. Batzer, Inference of Human Geographic Origins Using Alu Insertion Polymorphisms, 153 FORENSIC SCI. INT'L 117 (Oct. 2005) (

    Turi E. King, Stéphane J. Ballereau, Kevin E. Schürer & Mark A. Jobling, Genetic Signatures of Coancestry within Surnames, 16 Current Biology 384 (Feb. 2006) (

    A.M. Cadenas, M. Regueiro, T. Gayden, N. Singh, L.A. Zhivotovsky, P.A. Underhill & R.J. Herrera, Male Amelogenin Dropouts: Phylogenetic Context, Origins and Implications, __ FORENSIC SCI. INT'L __ (forthcoming 2006) (

    Marc W. Allard, Deborah Polanskey, Kevin Miller, Mark R. Wilson, Keith L. Monson & Bruce Budowle, Characterization of Human Control Region Sequences of the African American SWGDAM Forensic mtDNA Data Set, 148 FORENSIC SCI. INT'L 169 (Mar. 2005) (

    Sarah A. Tishkoff & Kenneth K. Kidd, Implications of Biogeography of Human Populations for 'Race' and 'Medicine', 36 NATURE GENETICS S21 (Nov. 2004) (

    E.J. Parra, R.A. Kittles & M.D. Shriver, Implications of Correlations between Skin Color and Genetic Ancestry for Biomedical Research, 36 NATURE GENETICS S54 (Nov. 2004) (

    Mark A. Rothstein & Meghan K. Talbott, The Expanding Use of DNA in Law Enforcement: What Role for Privacy?, 34 J. L. MED. & ETHICS 153 (Summer 2006) (

    Pilar N. Ossorio, About Face: Forensic Genetic Testing for Race and Visible Traits, 34 J. L. MED. & ETHICS 277 (Summer 2006) (

    Troy Duster, Explaining Differential Trust of DNA Forensic Technology: Grounded Assessment or Inexplicable Paranoia?, 34 J. L. MED. & ETHICS 293 (Summer 2006) (

    Newspapers & Magazines

    Dana Hawkins Simons, Getting DNA to Bear Witness, USA TODAY, June 23, 2005 (

    Nancy Touchette, Genome Test Nets Suspected Serial Killer, GENOME NEWS NETWORK, June 13, 2003, at 112 (

    William J. Cromie, Getting Criminals Through Their DNA, HARV. U. GAZETTE, May 11, 2006 (

    Jessica Synder-Sachs, DNA and a New Kind of Racial Profiling, POPULAR SCI., Dec. 2003, at 16 (

    Carolyn Abraham, Molecular Eyewitness: DNA Gets a Human Face, GLOBE & MAIL, June 25, 2005, at A6 (

    Paul Rincon, DNA Could Predicte Your Surname, BBC NEWS, Feb. 21, 2006 (

    Sheri Fink, Reasonable Doubt, DISCOVER, July 2006 (

    D. Vergano, "Genographic Project" Aims to Tell Us Where We Came From, USA TODAY, Apr. 13, 2005, at 7D (

    Richard Willing, DNA Tests Offers Clues to Suspect's Race, USA TODAY, Aug. 17, 2005, at 1A (

    Christen Brownlee, Code of Many Colors: Can Researchers See Race in the Genome?, SCI. NEWS, Apr. 9, 2005, at 232 (

    The Science Show: Building a DNA Picture of Your Face (Radio National radio broadcast Dec. 3, 2005) (

    Books & Reports


    A REVIEW OF THE FBI'S HANDLING OF THE BRANDON MAYFIELD CASE (Special Report: Office of the Inspector General 03/2006) (

    Robert B. Stacey, REPORT ON THE ERRONEOUS FINGERPRINT INDIVIDUALIZATION IN THE MADRID TRAIN BOMBING CASE (Report from the Quality Assurance and Training Unit Federal Bureau of Investigation, Quantico, Virginia) (

    Henry C. Lee & R. E. Gaensslen, ADVANCES IN FINGERPRINT TECHNOLOGY (2d ed., CRC Press 2001) (

    Clarence G. Collins, FINGERPRINT SCIENCE (Wadsworth Publishing 2001) (

    FINGERPRINTS AND OTHER RIDGE SKIN IMPRESSIONS (Chris Lennard, Pierre Margot, Milutin Stoilovic, & Christophe Champod, eds., CRC Press 2004) (

    Law & Science Journals

    Simon A. Cole, Does "Yes" Really Mean Yes? The Attempt to Close Debate on the Admissibility of Fingerprint Testimony, 45 JURIMETRICS J. 449 (2005) (

    Simon A. Cole, Is Fingerprint Identification Valid? Rhetorics of Reliability in Fingerprint Proponents' Discourse, 28 L & POL'Y 109 (2006) (

    Itiel E. Dror & David Charlton, Why Experts Make Errors, 56 J. FORENSIC IDENTIFICATION 600 (2006) (

    Thomas L. Bohan, Scientific Evidence and Forensic Science Since Daubert: Maine Decides to Sit Out the Dance, 56 ME. L. REV. 101 (2004) (

    Robert B. Stacey, A Report on the Erroneous Fingerprint Individualization in the Madrid Train Bombing Case, 54 J.FORENSIC IDENT. 706 (2004) (

    Robert Epstein, Fingerprints Meet Daubert: The Myth of Fingerprint “Science” is Revealed, 75 S. CAL. L. REV. 605, (March 2002). (

    Fingerprint Examination Standards: Do We Need Them? 25 SCI. SLEUTHING REV. 11 (Spring 2001)

    Developing a Standard Fingerprint, 26 SCI. SLEUTHING REV. 11 (Fall 2002)

    Newspapers & Magazines

    Edward J. Imwinkelried & Michael Cherry, The Myth of Fingerprints, CHAMPION, Oct. 2003, at 36 (

    William C. Thompson & Simon A. Cole, Forensics: Lessons From The Brandon Mayfield Case, CHAMPION, Apr. 2005, at 42 (

    Flynn McRoberts & Steve Mills, Digitized Prints Can Point Finger at Innocent: Handling, Quality of Image are Risks, CHICAGO TRIBUNE, Jan. 3, 2005, at 1 (

    Flynn McRoberts & Steve Mills, U.S. Seeks Review of Fingerprint Techniques, High Profile Errors Prompt Questions, CHICAGO TRIBUNE, Feb. 21, 2005, at 1 (

    Press Release, FBI National Press Office, FBI Responds to the Office of Inspector General’s Report on the Fingerprint Misidentification Of Brandon Mayfield (January 6, 2006) (

    Susan Schmidt and Blaine Harden, U.S. Frees Oregon Lawyer Jailed in Madrid Bombings, WASHINGTON POST, May 21, 2004, at A6 (

    David Stout, Report Faults F.B.I.'s Fingerprint Scrutiny in Arrest of Lawyer, N.Y. TIMES, November 17, 2004, at A18 (

    Sarah Kershaw, Eric Lichtblau and Dale Fuchs, Spain Had Doubts Before U.S. Held Lawyer In Blast, NY Times, May 26, 2004 at A1, (

    The F.B.I. Messes Up, N.Y. TIMES, May 26, 2004, at A22 (

    Sarah Kershaw and Eric Lichtblau, Bomb Case Against Lawyer Is Rejected, N.Y. TIMES, May 25, 2004, at A16 (

    Sarah Kershaw, Eric Lichtblau and Dale Fuchs, Questions About Evidence In U.S. Arrest in Bombing, N.Y. TIMES, May 22, 2004, at A14 (

    Flynn McRoberts and Steve Mills, U.S. Seeks Review Of Fingerprint Techniques: High-Profile Errors Prompt Questions, CHICAGO TRIBUNE, February 21, 2005, at 1 (,1,2843261.story?ctrack=1&cset=true)

    Press Release, International Biometric Group, National Institute of Justice Awards Multimodal Biometric Fusion Research Grant to International Biometric Group (January 30, 2006, announced the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) has awarded International Biometric Group (IBG) a research grant to develop multiple-biometric systems based on fusion of fingerprint, face recognition, and iris recognition technologies.) (

    Kristi Mayo, Evolution of Fingerprint Technology EVIDENCE TECH. MAG. July/August 2003, at 12 (

    Andre A. Moenssens, Fingerprint Identification: A Valid, Reliable "Forensic Science"? 18 CRIM. JUSTICE 30 (Summer 2003) (

    Stephen Wax and Christopher Schatz, A Multitude of Errors: The Brandon Mayfield Case, CHAMPION MAG., September/October 2004, at 6 (

    Press Release, FBI National Press Office, Statement on Brandon Mayfield Case (May 24, 2004) (discussed the misidentification of fingerprints after the Madrid train bombing) (

    Franci Richardson and Maggie Mulvihill, Stephen Cowan: `This Boy Did Six Years in the Joint for Nothing', BOSTON HERALD, May 7, 2004, at 6 (

    Suzanne Smalley, Police Update Evidence Gathering: Suspect Identification is Focus of Changes, BOSTON GLOBE, July 20, 2004, at B1 (

    T. Christopher Kelley, Police Shut Down Fingerprint Unit, Column: TALK LEFT, (Ongoing)

    Jennifer L. Mnookin, A Blow to the Credibility of Fingerprint Evidence, BOSTON GLOBE, February 2, 2004, at A14 (

    Wilson P. Dizard III, FBI Plans Major Database Upgrade: Bureau Outlines Interoperability Plans and Considers Adding Biometric Data, GOVERNMENT COMPUTER NEWS, August 28, 2006 (


    United States v. Ramsey, Cr. No. 01-5-4 (E.D. Pa. Sept. 21, 2001) (

    United States v. Byron Mitchell, 365 F.3d 216 (3d Cir. 2004) ( Miscellaneous

    Stephen B. Meagher, Austin Hicklin, Defining Extended Fingerprint Feature Sets, 91ST INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR IDENTIFICATION, Boston, MA (July 2-7, 2006) (

    Fingerprint Comparison Standards and Discovery Practices for the Trial Advocate, AMERICAN ACADEMY OF FORENSIC SCIENCES (AAFS) 57TH ANNUAL MEETING: 21ST CENTURY CRIME/21ST CENTURY FORENSIC SCIENCE, New Orleans, LA (February 21-26, 2005) (

    Rebecca L. Schwartz Perlman, Fingerprint Research Update, 89TH INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION CONFERENCE, Saint Louis, Missouri (August 24, 2004)

    Mindset in the Latent Print Comparison Process, 90TH INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL CONFERENCE, Dallas, Texas (August 9, 2005) (

    Novel Approach to Answering Research Questions about Latent Prints, 91ST INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR IDENTIFICATION, Boston, Massachusetts (July 2-7, 2006) (

    Scientific Research Related to Impression Evidence at the National Institute of Justice, 91ST INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR IDENTIFICATION, Boston, MA (July 2-7, 2006) (

    Weird Science and Faux-n-sics new and / or strange forensic technologies / theories

    Applying the forensics concepts as depicted on television to laboratory analysis or investigational scrutiny doesn’t always prove true to reality. The latest technologies could be authentic weird science or merely flashy faux-n-sics. What you see isn’t always what you get.

    What you see… What you get…

    Analysis of Evidence Every piece of evidence or sample of biological material needs to be tested in a laboratory Not every piece of evidence collected at the crime scene needs analysis or is relevant to the case Computerized Forensic Animation The ability to recreate a 3-D depiction of an event from pieces of old evidence: locations of eyewitnesses, demolished buildings, erased skid marks from car tires The combined technology of laser-assisted photogrammetry and forensic animation can accurately reconstruct events The use of high speed laser scanning of the location and evidentiary clues provide requisite data for this procedure DNA Laboratory test results come back in a few hours and have the capacity to conclusively map a person’s entire genome and act as positive identification Depending on the complexity of the lab procedures, DNA test results could take several days to process Lab backlogs for DNA tests increase the actual wait time up to several months before the case is processed Electronic Nose Electronic devises are depicted to scan an area and pinpoint such things as exact cosmetic brand variations and the source of the individual person Practical forensic uses for electronic noses could be detecting explosives or poisonous substances Device uses gas chromatography to detect airborne gases and is programmed to identify a certain spectrum of volatile compounds Fingerprints Can be retrieved from almost any surface in any case Many surfaces are uneven or too variable Fingerprints are easily smudged Fingerprint Falsification Fake fingerprints are depicted as a latex coating to recreate a false identity Common chemical ingredients, such as gelatin, can recreate a fingerprint surface that has been tested to fool biometric fingerprint identification systems Firearms Residue tests can confirm if a person has shot a gun, even long after the crime Residue tests must be conducted almost immediately after a shooting and can be sabotaged by washing or rubbing hands Investigators Crime scene investigators perform all functions of the police, the lab technicians, and the legal team to solve the crime Crime scene investigators collect and transport evidence; the police issue citations and make arrests; lawyers deal with the submission of evidence into the courtroom; lab technicians run the scientific analyses of the evidence Lab Results Obtained immediately and quickly shared with all parties involved – police, lawyers, investigators Lab results take time to obtain and review Several steps are involved in diagnoses, identification, and replication of results to ensure accuracy of analysis Murder Method A victim can be fed a radioactive isotope that will emit lethal rays Radioactive isotopes do not cause extensive or internal burn injuries, leading to death; the severity of harm depends on the dose – must be very large – and subsequent medical treatment Swagger Surveillance The use of biometric tracking technology to locate individuals based on their walking style Radar scanners and closed-circuit systems record movement It works because it is very difficult to disguise walking gait, and it is easier to obtain than DNA, fingerprints, or head-on facial scans Toolmarks Liquid plaster can be poured into a wound, and once it hardens, there is a mold of the murder weapon Blunt surface traumas could conceivably be analyzed in this manner, to determine rough size or shape of weapon For the most part, plaster is best used to cast molds of footprints

    For Further Reading:

    Monida Amarelo, Pathologists Say TV Forensics Creates Unrealistic Expectations, AAAS NEWS ARCHIVES (Feb. 21, 2005) (

    Associated Press, Double Amputee Uses Thought-Controlled Arm, MSNBC (Sept. 14, 2006) (

    Associated Press, National Briefing South: Florida: Real Body Found At Fake Crime Scene, N.Y. TIMES, June 7, 2006, at A19 (

    BBC, Science of James Bond: 007’s Gadgets (Science & Nature: Hot Topics, November 18, 2002) (

    Gabrielle Banks, Medical Examiner's Staff Stretched Even Thinner, PITTSBURGH POST-GAZETTE, August 12, 2006, at A1 (

    David Allen Batchelor, THE SCIENCE OF STAR TREK (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 1993) (

    Brittney Booth, Crime Shows Seeping into Jury Selections, MONITOR, May 9, 2006 ( Charles Q. Choi, Artificial Humans Gills Inspired by Diving Beetles, LIVESCIENCE, Sept. 14, 2006 (

    CNN, Anatomy of a Murder Crime Scene Investigation (CNN Presents Classroom Edition - Educator Guide, original airdate September 26, 2005) (

    CNN, Reasonable Doubt: Can Crime Labs Be Trusted? (CNN Presents Classroom Edition - Educator Guide, original airdate January 10, 2005) (

    Chad Cohen, The Science of Star Trek, NAT’L GEOGRAPHIC TODAY (December 13, 2002) (

    Steve Down, Artificial Nose Needs a Pick-Me-Up For Grape Aroma Compounds, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY (John Wiley & Sons, May 22, 2006) (


    Craig Fries, Cutting Edge 3-D Reconstruction, FORENSIC MAGAZINE, August-September 2006 (http://

    Alistair B. Fraser, BAD SCIENCE (

    Sophia I. Gatowski, Shirley A. Dobbin, James T. Richardson, Gerald P. Ginsburg, Mara L. Merlino, Veronica Dahir, Asking the Gatekeepers: A National Survey of Judges on Judging Expert Evidence in a Post-Daubert World, 25 L. & HUMAN BEHAV. 433 (2001) (

    Max M. Houck, CSI: The Reality, SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN (July 2006) (

    Sanja Kutnjak Ivković & Valerie P. Hans, Jurors' Evaluations of Expert Testimony: Judging the Messenger and the Message, 28 L. & SOC. INQ. 441 (2003) (

    Allison Klein, Art Trips Up Life: TV Crime Shows Influence Jurors CSI: The Expectation of Futuristic Hard-Science Evidence Leads to Acquittals in Cases Prosecutors Thought Were Airtight, BALTIMORE SUN, Jul. 25, 2004, at 1A (

    Catherine Koeritz, Electronic Sensor Technology's zNose will appear Monday in an Episode of CBS Television's 'CSI: Miami' (Feb. 3, 2006) (

    Margaret Bull Kovera & Bradley D. McAuliff, The Effects of Peer Review and Evidence Quality on Judge Evaluations of Psychological Science: Are Judges Effective Gatekeepers?, 85 J.APPLIED PSYCH. 574 (2000) (

    F.A. Krift, The 'CSI Effect' Makes Job Tougher For Today's Real-Life Detectives As Crooks Wise Up, BEAUMONT ENTERPRISE, June 30, 2006 (

    Terri Langford, Murder Case's Twist Could Rival Anything On 'CSI', HOUSTON CHRON., August 12, 2006, at B3 (

    Miguel Llanos, Wave-Piercing, Biodiesel Boat Hits High Seas, MSNBC (Sept. 15, 2006) (

    Stefan Lovgren, The 'Star Wars' Worlds: More Science Than Fiction?, NAT’L GEOGRAPHIC NEWS (June 3, 2005) (

    Maricopa County Attorney’s Office, CSI: Maricopa County: The CSI Effect and Its Real-Life Impact on Justice, (Maricopa County, AZ, June 30, 2005) (

    Most Popular Myths in Science, LIVESCIENCE (


    Kimberlianne Podlas, 'The CSI Effect': Exposing the Media Myth, 16 FORDHAM INTELL. PROP. MEDIA & ENT. L.J. 429 (2006) (

    Katherine Ramsland, THE FORENSIC SCIENCE OF C.S.I. (Berkley 2001) (,,9780425183595,00.html)

    Paul Rincon, CSI Shows Give 'Unrealistic View,' BBC NEWS (Feb. 21, 2005) (

    Kit R. Roane & Dan Morrison, The CSI Effect, U.S. NEWS & WORLD REP., April 25, 2005, at 48 (

    Paul D. Rosevear, Is 'CSI' for Real? (AOL's Online Campus, Posted May 5, 2005) (

    Society of Nuclear Medicine, CSI Miami: Not Much Fact and a Lot of Fiction (Posted February 21, 2003) (


    Star Wars: Where Science Meets Imagination Opens at COSI (Lucas Online, June 1, 2006) (

    Stewart Tendler & Lucy Bannerman, Aiming To Catch Criminals Red-Footed, TIMES ONLINE (July 10, 2006), at 11 (,,29389-2263134,00.html)

    URBAN LEGENDS REFERENCE PAGES: CRIME AND PUNISHMENT (Barbara & David P. Mikkelson, eds., 2006) (

    Eric Volante & Kim Smith, 'CSI Effect' Impacts Justice in Tuscon, ARIZONA DAILY STAR, May 8, 2005, at A1 (

    Michael J. Watkins, Forensics in the Media: Have Attorneys Reacted to the Growing Popularity of Forensic Crime Dramas? (Study submitted to Florida State University, August 3, 2004) (

    Books & Reports

    Sgt Darren Laur, Excited Delirium and Its Correlation to Sudden and Unexpected Death Proximal to Restraint: A Review of the Current and Relevant Medical Literature (Report on medical safety by the Victoria Police Department Nov. 2004) (

    TASER® Deployments and Injuries: Analysis of Current and Emerging Trends (Research report conducted by Orange County Sheriff’s Office and Florida Gulf Coast University presented at SWAT Roundup Nov 29-Dec 1 in Orlando, Fl). (

    Human Effectiveness and Risk Characterization of Electromuscular Incapacitation Devices (Report by the United States Department of Defense Human Effects Center of Excellence October 18, 2004) (


    Law & Science Journals

    Wayne C. McDaniel, Robert A. Stratbucker, Max Nerheim & James E. Brewer, Cardiac Safety of Neuromuscular Incapacitating Defensive Devices, 28 PACE S284 (Jan. 2005) (

    Emma Jenkinson, Clare Neeson & Anthony Bleetman, The Relative Risk of Police Use-of-Force Options: Evaluating the Potential for Deployment of Electronic Weaponry, 13 J. CLINICAL FORENSIC MED. 229 (July 2006) (

    Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy, Donald Wallick, Kay Ryschon, Mina K. Chung, Jagdish Butany, David Martin, Walid Saliba, William Kowalewski, Andrea Natale & Patrick J. Tchou, Effects of Cocaine Intoxication on the Threshold for Stun Gun Induction of Ventricular Fibrillation, 48 J. AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY 805 (Aug. 2006) (

    Srikanth Sadhu, Sergio Leal, Cesar J. Herrera & Richard F. Kehoe, Ventricular Fibrillation and Death After TASER Injury, 3 HEART RHYTHM S72 (May 2006) (

    Laurent M. Haegeli, Laurence D. Sterns, David C. Adam & Richard A. Leather, Effect of a Taser Shot to the Chest of a Patient With an Implantable Defibrillator, 3 HEART RHYTHM 339 (Mar. 2006) (

    J. Strote, R. Campbell, J. Pease, M.S. Hamman & R. Hutson, The Role of Tasers in Police Restraint-Related Deaths, 46 ANNALS EMERGENCY MED. 85 (Sep. 2005) (

    Raymond M Fish, & Leslie A Geddes, Effects of Stun Guns and Tasers, 358 THE LANCET 687 (Sep. 2001) (

    Mark Wilhelm, Skin Penetration Assessment of Less Lethal Kinetic Energy Munitions, 50 J. FORENSIC SCI. 1276 (Nov. 2005) (

    Newspapers & Magazines

    Should Cops Stop Using Tasers? The Force Science Research Center Weighs In On the Controversy, FORCE SCI. NEWS, Dec. 12, 2004, at 27 (

    Dave Young, The Boston Incident: Understanding Non-Lethal Technology, POLICEONE.COM (From Ongoing Column: Specialized Training & Tactics Nov. 16, 2004) (

    Beth Daley & Jonathan Saltzman, 'Nonlethal' Guns Causing Alarm, BOSTON GLOBE, Oct. 22, 2004, at A1 (

    Becky Lewis, NIJ’s Less-Than-Lethal Flash-Bang Round Project, 65 CORRECTIONS TODAY 117, (Aug. 2003) (

    Press Release, PepperBall Technologies, Inc., PepperBall Technologies Makes Non-Lethal Weapons Available to Private Security Industry (September 30, 2004) (

    Press Release, ACLU Northern California, Oakland Prohibits "Less Than Lethal" Weapons for Crowd Control: Oakland Anti-War Demonstrators Lawsuit Results in the First New and Comprehensive Police Policy in the Country (Nov. 14, 2004) (



    National Security Research Inc., Analysis of Airport Security Measures and the Role of Less-Lethal Weapons (Research sponsored by the National Institute of Justice) (

    Dr. B. Jon Klauenbergs, Human Effects Center of Excellence (Research sponsored by the National Institute of Justice. This project will provide independent and objective analysis of non-lethal weaponry by the Air Force Research Laboratory) (

    Enhancing Local and State Law Enforcement’s Understanding and Use of Emerging Technology (Research sponsored by the National Institute of Justice - IACP will publish an Executive Brief on EMDT devices that will provide law enforcement with the latest information on electro-muscular disruption devices, and how use of these devices influences policy, legal, and procedural guidelines) (

    Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Injuries Produced by Law Enforcement Use of Less-lethal Weapons: A Prospective Multicenter Trial, (Research sponsored by the National Institute of Justice - Researchers will collect data on the proportion of suspects who sustain injuries after less-lethal weapons) (

    University of Wisconsin, Model Electric Current through the Human Body from Less-lethal EMDT Devices (Research sponsored by the National Institute of Justice - Researchers will attempt to determine safety margins related to potential cardiac fibrillation) (

    Verifying Reported Effectiveness of EMDT Devices in Reducing Deaths and Injuries and a Review of Less-lethal Technology Operational Needs (Research sponsored by the National Institute of Justice) (

    University of California – San Diego, Effects of TASER on the Human Blood (Research sponsored by the National Institute of Justice) (

    NIJ Study: Deaths Following Electro-Muscular Disruption (Research sponsored by the National Institute of Justice) (

    Hearing on Less-Than-Lethal Weapons Before the Subcommittee on Aviation of the H. Committee on Transportation And Infrastructure, 107th Cong. (May 2, 2002 ) (statement of the Honorable Sarah V. Hart, Director National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs) (

    Amnesty International Staff, Excessive and Lethal Force? Amnesty International's Concerns about Deaths and Ill-Treatment Involving Police Use of Tasers, AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL, November 30, 2004 (

    The Early Show: Taser Guns Stunning Students (CBS television broadcast June 30, 2005) (



    Jose R. Almirall & Kenneth G. Furton, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF FIRE SCENE EVIDENCE (CRC Press 2004) (

    Harald Weinrich, THE LINGUISTICS OF LYING (Univ. of Wash. Press 2006) (

    S. Rose & Kenneth G. Furton, Fundamentals of Forensic Breath and Blood Alcohol Testing, in DRUNK DRIVING DEFENSE (Lawrence Taylor & Stever Oberman, eds., 6th ed., Aspen Law & Business 2005) (

    Treatises/Practice Guides

    Jordan S. Gruber, Fausto Tito Poza & Anthony J. Pellicano, Audio Recordings: Evidence, Experts and Technology, 48 AM. JUR. TRIALS 1 (2006)

    Manuel Sanchez & Lisa Carrizales, The Use of Biomechanical Experts In Product Liability Litigation, 46 AM. JUR. TRIALS 631 (2006)

    Hon. D. Duff Mckee, Challenge to Eyewitness Identification through Expert Testimony, 35 Am. Jur. Proof of Facts 3d 1 (2006)

    Dana G. Deaton, The Daubert Challenge to the Admissibility of Scientific Evidence, 60 AM. JUR. TRIALS 1 (2006)

    Michael H. Graham, Subjects of Expert Testimony, 3 HANDBOOK OF FED. EVID. § 702:6 (6th ed.)

    Law Reviews & Journals

    Brian A. Eckenrode, Scott A. Ramsey, Rex A. Stockham, Gary J. Van Berkel, Keiji G. Asano & Dennis A. Wolf, Performance Evaluation of the Scent Transfer Unit for Organic Compound Collection & Release (STU-100) for Organic Compound, 51 J. FORENSIC SCI. 780 (2006) (

    A. Broeders, Of Earprints, Fingerprints, Scent Dogs, Cot Deaths and Cognitive Contamination—A Brief Look at the Present State of Play in the Forensic Arena, 159 FORENSIC SCI. INT’L 148 (June 2006) (

    Rebecca Parrott Waldren, Note, Expectations and Practical Results in Fingerprinting Technology: Where is the Line Drawn? 31 J. LEGIS. 397 (2005) (

    Paul Root Wolpe, Kenneth R. Foster & Daniel D. Langleben, Emerging Neurotechnologies for Lie-Detection: Promises and Perils, 5 AM. J. OF BIOETHICS 39 (April 2005) (

    K. Dickson & M. McMahon, Will the Law Come Running? The Potential Role of “Brain Fingerprinting” in Crime Investigation and Adjudication in Australia, 13 J. LAW MED. 204 (2004) (

    Rex A. Stockham, Dennis L. Slavin & William Kift, Specialized Use of Human Scent in Criminal Investigations, 6 FORENSIC SCI. COMMUNICATIONS (July 2004) (

    J. Peter Rosenfeld, Brain Fingerprinting: A Critical Analysis, THE SCI. 4 REV. OF MENTAL HEALTH PRAC. (Spring-Summer 2005) (

    Amy D. Wills, Neonaticide: The Necessity of Syndrome Evidence When Safe Haven Legislation Falls Short, 77 TEMP. L. REV. 1001 (2004) (

    Veronica Dahir, J. T. Richardson, G. P. Ginsburg, S. I. Gatowski, S. A. Dobbin, & M. L. Merlino, Note, Judicial Application of Daubert to Psychological Syndrome and Profile Evidence, 11 PSYCHOL. PUB. POL'Y & L. 62 (2005) (

    A.M. Curran, S.I. Rabin & K.G. Furton, Analysis of the Uniqueness and Persistence of Human Scent, 7 FORENSIC SCI. COMM. (April 2005) (

    J.M. Perr, K.G. Furton & J.R. Almirall, Solid Phase Microextractionion Mobility Spectrometer Interface for Explosive and Taggant Detection, 28 J. SEPARATION SCI. 177 (February 2005) (

    A.M. Curran, P.A. Prada, A.A. Schoon, J.R. Almirall and K.G. Furton, Chapter, Human Scent as a Biometric Measurement, in BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY FOR HUMAN IDENTIFICATION II (Anil K. Jain, ed., SPIE-International Society for Optical Engine 2005) (

    A.M. Curran, S.I. Rabin & K.G. Furton, Comparison of the Volatile Organic Compounds Present in Human Odor Using SPME-GC/MS, 31 J. CHEMICAL ECOLOGY 1607 (2005) (

    R.J. Harper, J.R. Almirall & K.G. Furton, Identification of Dominant Odor Chemicals Emanating from Explosives for Use in Developing Optimal Training Aid Combinations & Mimics for Canine Detection, 67 TALANTA 313 (2005) (

    Kenneth G. Furton & D.P. Heller, Advances in the Reliable Location of Forensic Specimens through Research and Consensus Best Practice Guidelines for Dog and Orthogonal Instrumental Detectors, 3 CAN. J. POLICE & SEC. SERVICES 97 (Special Issue: Advances in Forensic Science) (2005) (

    Jose R. Almirall & Kenneth G. Furton, Paper, Characterization of Background and Pyrolysis Products That May Interfere with the Forensic Analysis of Fire Debris, 71 J. ANALYT. APPL. PYROLYSIS 51 (2003) (

    David S. Caudill, Advocacy, Witnesses, and the Limits of Scientific Knowledge: Is There an Ethical Duty To Evaluate Your Expert's Testimony? 39 IDAHO L. REV. 341 (2003) (

    Emily L. Baggett, The Standards Applied to the Admission of Soft Science Experts in State Courts, 26 AM. J. TRIAL ADVOC. 149 (2002)

    Kendall Coffey, Inherent Judicial Authority and the Expert Disqualification Doctrine, 56 FLA. L. REV. 195 (2004) (

    Mark Brodin, Behavioral Science Evidence in the Age of Daubert: Reflections of a Skeptic, 73 U. CIN. L. REV. 867 (2005) (

    Edward Cheng & Albert H. Yoon, Does Frye or Daubert Matter? A Study of Scientific Admissibility Standards, 91 VA. L. REV. 471 (2005) ( Clark Hedger, Daubert and the States: A Critical Analysis of Emerging Trends, 49 ST. LOUIS U. L.J. 177 (2004) (

    Stephen Pappas, Curing the Daubert Disappointment: Evidence-Based Medicine & Expert Medical Testimony, 46 S. TEX. L. REV. 595 (2005) (

    J. Eric Smithburn, The Trial Court's Gatekeeper Role Under Frye, Daubert, and Kumho: A Special Look at Children's Cases, 4 WHITTIER J. CHILD & FAM. ADVOC. 3 (2004) (

    Kimberly Keller, Sobering Up Daubert: Recent Issues Arising in Alcohol-Related Expert Testimony, 46 S. TEX. L. REV. 111 (2004) (

    David E. Bernstein & Jeffrey D. Jackson, THE DAUBERT TRILOGY IN THE STATES, 44 JURIMETRICS J. 351 (2004) (

    David W. Barnes, General Acceptance Versus Scientific Soundness: Mad Scientists in the Courtroom, 31 FLA. ST. U. L. REV. 303 (2004) (

    Gary Edmond, Gary and David Mercer, Daubert and the Exclusionary Ethos: The Convergence of Corporate and Judicial Attitudes towards the Admissibility of Expert Evidence in Tort Litigation, 26 LAW & POL'Y 231 (2004)

    Douglas Mossman, Daubert, Cognitive Malingering, and Test Accuracy, 27 LAW & HUM. BEHAV. 229 (2003)

    Mary Ellen Reilly, Expert Testimony on Sexually Abused Child Syndrome in a Child Protective Proceeding: More Hurtful Than Helpful, 3 CARDOZO PUB. L. POL'Y & ETHICS J. 419 (2005) (

    Dyane Noonan, Where Do We Go From Here? A Modern Jurisdictional Analysis of Behavioral Expert Testimony in Child Sexual Abuse Prosecutions, 38 SUFFOLK U. L. REV. 493 (2005) ( Simon A. Cole, Does "Yes" Really Mean Yes? The Attempt to Close Debate on the Admissibility of Fingerprint Testimony, 45 JURIMETRICS J. 449 (2005) (

    Simon A. Cole, More Than Zero: Accounting for Error in Latent Fingerprint Identification, 95 J. CRIM. L. & CRIMINOLOGY 985 (2005) (

    Kristin Romandetti, Recognizing and Responding to a Problem with the Admissibility of Fingerprint Evidence Under Daubert, 45 JURIMETRICS J. 41 (2004) (

    Simon A. Cole, Grandfathering Evidence: Fingerprint Admissibility Rulings From Jennings to Llera Plaza and Back Again, 41 AM. CRIM. L. REV. 1189 (2004) (

    Nathan Benedict, Fingerprints and the Daubert Standard for Admission of Scientific Evidence: Why Fingerprints Fail and a Proposed Remedy, 46 ARIZ. L. REV. 519 (2004) (

    Grams, Rick M., Walking the Line of Admissibility: Why Maryland Courts Should Reexamine the Admissibility of Field Sobriety Tests, 34 U. BALT. L. REV. 365 (2005) (

    Garrett E. Land, Judicial Assessment or Judicial Notice? An Evaluation of the Admissibility Standards For DNA Evidence and Proposed Solutions to Repress the Current Efforts to Expand Forensic DNA Capabilities, 9 J. MED. & L. 95 (2005) (

    Dale A. Nance & Scott B. Morris, Juror Understanding of DNA Evidence: An Empirical Assessment of Presentation Formats For Trace Evidence With a Relatively Small Random-Match Probability, 34 J. LEGAL STUD. 395 (2005) (

    Jordan K. Garrison, Courts Face the Exciting and the Inevitable: DNA in Civil Trials, 23 REV. LITIG. 435 (2004) (

    Steven A. Drizin & Richard A. Leo, The Problem of False Confessions in the Post-DNA World, 82 N.C. L. REV. 891 (2004) (

    Newspaper/Magazine Articles

    Michael Cherry & Edward Imwinkelried, A Cautionary Note about Fingerprint Analysis and Reliance on Digital Technology, CHAMPION MAGAZINE, August 2006, at 27 (

    Stephen L. Jones, To DUI or Not to DUI, That Is the Question, CHAMPION MAGAZINE, August 2006, at 35 (

    Earl Lane, Judges Grapple with Neuroscience Issues, Article posted on AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE (AAAS), July 12, 2006 (



    Diana Botluk, THE LEGAL LIST: RESEARCH ON THE INTERNET (Thomson West 2006)

    Neil Selwyn, Stephen Gorard & John Furlong, ADULT LEARNING IN THE DIGITAL AGE: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND THE LEARNING SOCIETY (Taylor & Francis Group 2006)

    Jason Payne-James, Roger W. Byard, Tracey S. Corey, and Carol Henderson, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF FORENSIC AND LEGAL MEDICINE (Academic Press 2005)




    Jay Siegel, Geoffrey Knupfer and Pekka Saukko, eds., ENCYCLOPEDIA OF FORENSIC SCIENCES (Academic Press 2005)


    Ronald B Wilkes, Judith C Simon & Lloyd D Brooks, A Comparison of Faculty and Undergraduate Students' Perceptions of Online Courses and Degree Programs, 17 JOURNAL OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS EDUCATION 131 (2006)

    Liz Martinez, Learning Online, LAW ENFORCEMENT TECHNOLOGY, May 2006, at 84

    Ellen Sexton, Resources for Forensic Psychology: A Selective Bibliography, 32 REFERENCE SERVICES REVIEW 195 (2004)

    Elizabeth Stacey, Peter J Smith & Karin Barty, Adult Learners in the Workplace: Online Learning and Communities of Practice, 25 DISTANCE EDUCATION 107 (2004)

    Diane Duffey, Using the Web to Research Expert Witnesses: Learn Some Strategies and Web Sites to Consider When Looking Online for Information on Expert Witnesses, 77 WISCONSIN LAWYER 22 (Feb. 2004)

    Kristine M. Alpi, Criminal Investigation and Forensic Science: Sources for Scholars and Aficionados, 64 COLLEGE AND RESEARCH LIBRARIES NEWS 590 (Oct. 2003)

    Cynthia Holt, Science & Technology Resources on the Internet: Forensic Science Resources on the Internet, ISSUES IN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY LIBRARIANSHIP, #37, Spring 2003.

    A.R.W. Forrest, Hunting Truffles: Keeping Up with the Latest in Forensic Research Literature, 43 SCIENCE & JUSTICE 1 (January-March 2003) (Editorial)

    Robert E. Gaensslen, Forensic Science Education and Educational Requirements for Forensic Scientists, 21 NEACT JOURNAL 19 (Summer/Fall 2002)

    Niamh Nic Daeid, The Development of Interactive World Wide Web Based Teaching Material in Forensic Science, 32 BRITISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 105 (Jan. 2001)

    B. Caddy, Educating and Training the Forensic Practitioner for the New Millennium, 40 SCIENCE & JUSTICE 143 (April-June 2000) (Proceedings of the 40th Anniversary Meeting of the Forensic Science Society, November 1999)

    M.R. Nash & R.L. Faraino, Internet Resources in Legal Medicine and Forensic Science, 18 MEDICAL REFERENCE SERVICES QUARTERLY 59 (Spring 1999)

    Katherine B. Killoran, Forensic Science: A Library Research Guide, 24 REFERENCE SERVICES REVIEW 15 (1996) (annotated bibliography)

    Gordon Russell, A Pathfinder on the Admissibility of Forensic DNA Evidence in Criminal Cases, 13 LEGAL REFERENCE SERVICES QUARTERLY 19 (1994)

    Valerie A. Yonker, Penny K. Young & Seth Horowitz, Coverages and Overlaps in Bibliographic Databases Relevant to Forensic Medicine: A Comparative Analysis of MEDLINE, 78 BULLETIN OF THE MEDICAL LIBRARY ASSOCIATION 49 (Jan. 1990)


    National Clearinghouse for Science, Technology and the Law

    Forensic Science Abstracts (in EMBASE)


    FORS (Forensic Abstracts)





    Web Sites

    CourtTV Crime Library: Forensics & Investigation

    Crime Lab Project


    Daubert Tracker

    Forensic Science Education Programs Accreditation Commission

    Forensic Science Resources

    Forensic Sciences: GWU Gelman Library


    Kruglick's Forensic Resource and Criminal Law Search

    National Clearinghouse for Science, Technology & the Law

    Reddy's Forensic Page

    Science & Technology Resources on the Internet: Forensic Science Resources on the Internet


    FORENSICnetBASE/LawENFORCEMENTnetBASE from CRCPress features online access to the full text of over 100 forensic/law enforcement-related books.

    Virginia Institute of Forensic Science & Medicine, Glossary of Forensic Terms Related to a Death Investigation.